ComponentsofResearchArticle

ComponentsofResearchArticle - COMPONENTS OF A RESEARCH...

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COMPONENTS OF A RESEARCH ARTICLE Beth A. Fischer and Michael J. Zigmond Title Purpose: To attract readers interested in this field of study. The importance of the title cannot be overstated as it is a major determinant of whether the paper will be read. It is the only aspect of the article that appears in tables of contents and in many of the databases used for literature searches. Content: The title should indicate the focus of the paper, and should contain enough relevant “keywords” (i.e., search terms) to enable readers to find this paper when searching a relevant database. Style: There are two types of titles: 1. Descriptive titles, which states the focus of the study: The effect of heat on ice. 2. Conclusion titles , which provide the authors’ main conclusion from their study. Heat melts ice. For research articles, we prefer a descriptive title. It “lets the data speak for themselves” (an important concept in research) and allows the author to provide the necessary restrictions on the conclusions, restrictions that usually cannot be accommodated in a title. (For example, that heat melts ice only as long as sufficient time is provided to allow the ice molecules to reach the melting point of water, which is 0 ° C for pure water at sea level.) There is another reason for preferring descriptive titles: Should evidence later come to light that indicates the authors’ conclusion is incorrect, the authors’ curriculum vitae will not contain a permanent reminder of this mistake! In some cases, a journal’s Instructions to A uthors will specify which style of title to use. Often authors are asked to provide a second, briefer title. Referred to as the running title , this title will appear as a header on every other page of the printed article. Like the full title, the running title should be chosen with care. Length: A title should be short yet provide enough keywords so that individuals will be able to find it when searching relevant databases. A general recommendation is 5-10 words.
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BA Fischer & MJ Zigmond survival@pitt.edu 2 Authors Purpose: To specify the individuals responsible for the research presented in the paper. Content: The definition of who should be an author (and in what order the list should be provided, see below) varies with the field, the culture, and even the research group. Because of this potential for ambiguity, the rules to be used for determining authorship, including the order of authors, should be clearly agreed upon at the outset of a research project. Our belief is that authorship denotes an “intellectual contribution” to the work, and that an author should be able to explain and defend the work. This definition of authorship is probably the most common one among researchers and journal editors. Note that within this framework, “honorary authorship” listing someone as an author who has not made an intellectual contribution (e.g., the head of the department or that individual who provided the funds)
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ComponentsofResearchArticle - COMPONENTS OF A RESEARCH...

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