16. Business in Politics - 16 Business in Politics The...

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16. Business in Politics The American Political System Is Shaped By the Constitution Federal System power shared by national & state governments supremacy clause some businesses prefer federal regulation, some state Separation of Powers actions of one branch cannot fully decide how a policy is to be enacted or enforced, power is divided among three branches of government Judicial Review power of judges to review the actions of government officials First Amendment protects the right of business to organize freedom of speech, press, & assembly Two Versions of Early America Thomas Jefferson "To compel a man to furnish contributions of money for the propagation of opinions which he disbelieves and abhors is sinful and tyrannical." "The government is best which governs least." "I know of no safe depository of the ultimate powers of the society but the people themselves” Alexander Hamilton “In framing a government which is to be administered by men over men the great difficulty lies in this: You must first enable the government to control the governed, and in the next place, oblige it to control itself.” The Nineteenth Century Ascendancy after Civil War, big business controlled state and federal government companies and industries manipulated the politics of whole states Corruption power corrupts scandals were commonplace bribes and payoffs were part of business Reform corruption invites reaction the Populist and Progressive movements Early Twentieth Century Scandals in the Roaring Twenties World-wide Depression Roosevelt and the New Deal World War II Decentralization of Power in Government
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Reforms in Congress traditionally, real power in Congress lay in a few party leaders
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