ADAM_Answers_3

ADAM_Answers_3 - CHAPTER 7 LYMPHATIC SYSTEM Exercise 7...

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Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 7: LYMPHATIC SYSTEM Exercise 7.] 8. *Notc—in any order 1. A. thoracic duct 3. to drain interstitial fluid B. azygos vein b. to absorb and transport dietaryr lipids C. hemiazygos vein c. to protect against foreign bodies and infeo D. (:11le cistern (cisterna chyli) tion E. lateral aortic lumbar lymph node 9. fluid located in the lymphatic vessels 2‘ Chyle cistern (cistema chyli) 10. hydrostatic pressure 3. a structure that is not paired 11- *Note—in any order 4. superior vena cava and inferior vena cava 3- ““337 contain valves 5. it carries lymph from the lower body and upper b‘ they return blow to the heart left quadrant back to veins ' 12. upper right portion of the body 6. cinema—cavity; chyle—juice 15. right subclavian vein 7. imerstitial fluid and tymph 14. upper left portion of the body and all of the lower body 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. A.D.A.M.® Interactive Anatomy Student Lab Guide left subclavian vein chyle cistern (cisterna Chyli) lymphocytes lymphocytes and macrophages spleen red pulp and White pulp red blood cells and macrophages lymphocyte production and immunity T-cells palatinc, pharyngeal, and lingual A. superficial inguinal lymph node B. great saphenous vein C. glans penis Exercise 7.2 1. A. superior (upper) lobe of left lung B. left lobe of liver C. spleen D. body of pancreas E. renal fascia . stomach tail _ diaphragm . formation of blood cells during early fetal development; phagocytosis of worn out blood cells; proliferation of B cells during immune responses Exercise 7.3 l. 2. A. thyroid cartilage B. tracheal ring cartilage C. left brachiocephalic vein D. thymus gland (this will appear as adipose tissue if clicked too low) E. arch of aorta F. mediastinal parietal pleura G. pericardial sac A. left brachiocephalic vein B. thymus gland C. jugular notch of sternum D. manubrium E. body of sternum 19 Exercise 7.4 l. u.) GNU! 8. 9. 10. ll. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. A. buccal lymph node submental lymph node submandibular lymph node jugulo-omohyoid lymph node deep cervical lymph node Superficial cervical lymph node parotid lymph node . retroauricular lymph node occipital lymph node emomepow . sternocleidomastoid muscle . it drains lymph from the cheeks . it carries salivary amylase from the parotid gland to the mouth . it drains lymph from the lips . submental—below the chin . it drains blood from superficial portions of the face and skull retroauricular—it lies behind the car A. epiglottis lingual tonsil palatine tonsil . terminal sulcus (suleus terminalis) circumvallate papilla jugulodigastric lymph node . deep cervical lymph node . foliate papilla submandibular lymph node submental lymph node . median sulcus of tongue . forarnen cecurn of tongue te minal sulcus foramen cecum of tongue lingual tonsil it Closes off the larynx during swallowing foliate—leaf—like; papilla—nipple-like processes they drain and filter lymph from the tip of the tongue they drain and filter lymph from the lingual tonsil eweemowrfieow 20 Answer Key CHAPTER 8: RESPIRATORY SYSTEM Exercise 8.1 l. [\J oedema 10. 11. A. superior (upper) lobe of right lung B. middle lobe of right lung C. inferior (lower) lobe of right lung D. superior (upper) lobe of left lung E. inferior (lower) lobe of left lung . A. thymus gland B. pericardial sac C. retrosternal fat pad D. mediastinal parietal pleura E. diaphragm . a broad, median partition found between the pleura of the lungs that extends from the sternum to the vertebral column . concavity in the left lung Where the heart lies . a layer of fat located behind the sternum heart . skeletal muscle . contraction of the diaphragm leads to inspira- tion, relaxation is important in expiratiOn innervates the diaphragm and relays nerve impulses from the brain’s inspiratory center to the diaphragm horizontal and oblique fissures oblique fissure Exercise 8.2 1. wmueweww hill 53 A. apex of left lung groove for left subclavian arteiy groove for left brachiocephalic vein . mediastinal surface of lung cardiac impression of lung oblique fissure of left lung .diaphragrnatic surface of inferior (lower) lobe of lung H. inferior margin of lung 1. groove for esophagus J. groove for thOracic aorta K. left main (primary) bronchus L. groove for arch of aorta amoeba . it separates lobes of the left lung . it carries oxygenated blood back to the heart . it carries oxygenated blood left atrium they filter lymph from the bronchi air passage to left lung carries blood from heart to lungs carries deoxygenatcd blood right ventricle Exercise 8.3 1. [Q C‘xU‘l A. body of hyoid bone straight part of cricothyroid muscle tracheal ring cartilage . epiglottis thyrohyoid membrane thyroid cartilage . arch of cricoid cartilage pardoned . a membrane that is between the thyroid cartilage and the hyoid bone . a muscle that connects the cricoid cartilage to the thyroid cartilage . thyroid cartilage, epiglottic cartilage, and cricoid cartilage . thyroid cartilage . hyaline cartilage . it covers the glottis during swallowing to avoid food entering the trachea Exercise 8.4 l. N ChU'IquUd mat A. right main (primary) bronchus right intermediate bronchus arytenoid cartilage cricoid cartilage tracheal ring cartilage left main (primary) bronchus . bronchial cartilage . esophagus inferior (lower) lobe bronchus of left lung emanating . the first branches of the trachea leading to the right and left lungs . the trachea is anterior to the esophagus . a passageway for air to the lungs . a passageway for food to the stomach . lobar bronchi are branches of the primary bronchi leading to each lobe of the lung . right . right—more vertical; direct route for food lodging Exercise 8.5 l. 2. oxynttxoo paired a. deep within the trachea at its branching with the primary bronchi b. lumens of the right. and left primary bronchi . arytenoid cartilage . thyroid cartilage concave—they rest upon the convex diaphragm . it resembles a spoon A.D.A.M.® interactive Anatomy Student lob Guide 21 7. convex Exercise 8.? 8. a. pulmonary artery 1. A. superior nasal concha b. pulmonary vein B. superior (nasal) meatus c. primary (principal) bronchi C. middle nasal concha 9. three D. middle nasal meatus 10. a. thyroid E. inferior nasal concha b. epigiottis E inferior nasal meatus 11, thyroid and arytenoid cartilages 2. to warm the air that is entering the body 12. highest point of the left lung 3. they resemble a conch shell and create turbu- 13. vibrates to produce sound ICDCE m the incoming air 14. lies on top of (over) the glottis Exercise 8.8 Exercise 8.6 1. A. pharyngeal orifice of auditory tube (may get 1, A. tracheal ring cartilage torus of auditory tube {torus tubariusD B. superior (upper) lobe bronchus of left lung = 3- epiglottis C. inferior (lower) lobe bronchus of left lung C- VCStibUlflf fOId (may get laryngeal vestibule) D. tracheal ring cartilage D. vocal fold E. left main (primary) bronchus E. nasopharymt E right main (prnnary) bronchus E ompharynx G. inferior (lower) lobe bronchus of right lung G- laryngopharynx H. middle lobe bronchus of right lung 3- emphasus 1- SUPCI‘iOI‘ (Upper) lobe bronchus of right lung I- mucosa 0ft1‘flCh6a 2. two 2. oropharynx 3. three 3. laryngopharynx 4. provide a semi-rigid support of the tracheal 4- “3-50th and middle 631' wall so that it does not collapse inwardly . tracheal rings are Gshaped, open posteriorly 6. it allows for esophageal expansion during swallowing 7. no; to allow for diffusion of gases U'l CHAPTER 9: DIGESTIVE SYSTEM Exercise 9.1 Exercise 9.2 1. A. parotid gland 1. A. dorsum of tongue B. accessory parotid gland B. inferior longitudinal muscle of tongue C. parotid duct C. genioglossus muscle D. external jugular vein D. geniohyoid muscle E. superficial part of the submandibular gland 2. A. lingual nerve 2. A. sublingual gland - B. hyoglossus muscle B. deep part of the submandibular gland C. hypoglossal nerve {CNEfiI} 3. sublingualmbelow the tongue D. geniohyoid muscle 4. submandibularw—below the mandible 3. cranial nerve X11 5. food mass that is thoroughly mixed with saliva 4. both sensory and motor, mainly motor Within the mouth 6. converts starches (polysaccharides) into malt- ose (disaccharides) 7. starch and glycogen 22 Answer Key Exercise 9.3 1. A. maxilla upper second molar upper second premolar upper canine upper third molar upper first molar upper first premolar . upper lateral incisor upper central incisor body of mandible . cutting of food . rearing and shredding food . crushing and grinding food _ crushing and grinding food . 2 incisors; 1 canine; 2 premolars;3 molars,in each quadrant of the mouth possessor QWI-PxU-‘PN Exercise 9.4 1. A. inferior pharyngeal constrictor muscle esophagus thyroid cartilage trachea (may get: tracheal ring cartilage) arch of aorta ascending aorta diaphragmatic parietal pleura thoracic aorta abdominal aorta 2. posterior 3. the successive muscular contractions of the esophagus that propel food toward the stomach 4. an elastic cartilage flap in the larynx that assures that food travels down the esophagus, not the trachea S. the opening in the diaphragm that the esopha- gus passes through “FCQWF‘UOW Exercise 9.5 1. A. abdominal part of esophagus lesser curvature of stomach superior (first) part of duodenum . pyloric part of stomach fundus of stomach body of stomach greater curvature of stomach abdominal part of esophagus rugae of stomach pyloric sphincter . pyloric antrum of stomach fundus of stomach cardiac junction of esophagus N WE’UOP’?Q”‘F‘UOW wensomrflon . greater curvature of stomach . lesser curvature of stomach body of stomach rugae of stomach . transverse colon orally—esophagus aborally—stornach orally—stomach . aborally—duodenum _ large folds in the stomach wall . area that surrounds the superior opening of the stomach . a portion of the stomach that protrudes above the diaphragm through the esophageal hiatus ExerciseFQfi 1. A. left lobe of liver B. falciform ligament right lobe of liver C. D. lesser omentum E. F. gall bladder greater 01116111111111 2. lesser more 3. greater curvature 4. they contain both lymphatic and blood vessels as well as nerves Exercise 9.7 1. A. pyloric sphincter P" napmmonsfi right colic (hepatic) flexure of colon . left colic (splenic) flexure of colon . jejunum mescntery ileum duodenum (proximal) jejunum (middle) . ileum (distal) . it absorbs nutrients from the small intestine and supports the small intestine through attachment to the posterior abdominal wall as EONWPDP"? nth—'H E pyloric sphincter (may get: duodenum) right colic (hepatic) flexure of colon cecum vermiform appendix left colic (splenic) flexure of colon jejunum . descending colon . ileum sigmoid colon rectum 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. [email protected] interactive Anatomy Student Lab Guide 23 CCC‘LIII]. the abrupt flexure (bend) that occurs at the junction of the ascending colon and the transverse colon abrupt flexure that occurs at the junction of the tranSverse colon and the descending colon tenia coll (taenia coll) none, it is a vestigial organ S-shaped Exercise 9.8 1. L» U! A. right lobe of liver gall bladder C. left lobe of liver D. falciform ligament E F 3:“ u . lesser omentum body of stomach G transverse colon . right . right . the liver produces bile—its function is emulsifi- cation of fat . it stores bile A. right lobe of liver B. right tributary of portal vein C. common hepatic duct D. cystic duct E. body of gall bladder E _ left lobe of liver G. portal vein 1-1. proper hepatic artery 7. the special duct that drains/empties the gall bladder . the special duct that drains bile from the liver . it brings nutrients and absorbed materials to the liver for purification . to provide the liver with oxygen tail body neck head right lobe of liver common hepatic duct cystic duct . pyloric sphincter bile duct (common bile duct) ascending (fourth) part of duodenum . horizontal (third) part of duodenum . gastric impression of spleen pancreas—coronal section main pancreatic duct K. jejunum 13. common bile duct 14. duodenum 15. celiac artery 16. storage of red blood cells, a blood filter \DOO i—ub—t Ho H .N' remomwoowepowe CHAPTER 10: URINARY SYSTEM Exercise 10.1 1. 2. .3_ 4. 3900495» 10. 11. inferior vena cava left and right renal veins right atrium A. left inferior phrenic artery celiac trunk superior mesenteric artery . left renal artery left testicular artery inferior mesenteric artery . inferior vena cava . left common iliac: artery phrenic arteries celiac trunk someone . superior mesenteric artery . left and right renal arteries testicular arteries inferior mesenteric artery common iliac arteries Exercise 10.2 . renal mscia . dense irregular connective tissue . superior to the kidneys . adrenal glands left . perirenal fat . inferior mesenteric lymph nodes . lymphatic system . nervous system hilum of left kidney left renal vein left kidney hjlurn of right kidney fight kidney inferior pole of left kidney ureter (left) . perirenal fat 1 1. urine; urinary bladder .\ 12. transitional—to allow for expansion H \ooouoxynmtoam 10. monsoon? 24 Answer Key Exercise 10.3 1. renal cortex 2. a. renal pyramid of renal medulla b. renal column of renal medulla 3. A. renal cortex B. renal pyramid of renal medulla C. renal column of renal medulla 4. renal sinus Exercise 10.4 1. A. renal pyramid of renal medulla E. minor calyx C. major calyx D. renal pelvis E. ureter 2. minor calyx 3. major calyx 4. renal pelvis Exercise 10.5 1. urethra (may get: prostatic, membranous, or spongy urethra) 2. a. prostatic urethra b. membranous urethra c. spongy urethra Exercise 10.6 I. A. superior pole of right kidney renal medulla renal pyramid of renal medulla renal cortex renal column of renal medulla renal capsule major calm: . minor calyx renal papilla major calyx minor calyx renal sinus . renal pelvis . ureter 0. inferior pole of right kidney acnec=mmweoa 2 Exercise 10.? 1. A. distal convoluted tubule B. proximal convoluted tubule C. peritubular capillary D. collecting tubule ascending limb of loop of Henle vasa recta collecting duct of Bellini descending limb of loop of Henle interlobar vein interlobar artery arcuate vein arcuate artery . interlobular artery interlobular vein afferent arteriole efferent arteriole glomerulus 2. afferent arteriole 3. drains VEnous blood from the junctional region between the cortex and medulla 4. a capillary tuft Whose principle function is to filter blood 5. the functional unit of the kidney cowcézfii‘fi‘e-“Fomrn Exercise 10.8 1. A. distal convoluted tubule juxtaglomerular cells afferent arteriole macula densa cell efferent arteriole extraglomerular mesangial cell erythrocyte (red blood cell) parietal layer. of Bowman’s capsule proximal convoluted tubule basal lamina . podocyte L. urinary space . juxtaglomerular macula densa cells smooth muscle . renin yes; they lie next to the glomerulus dense spot . dense staining granules in the cytoplasm of these cells 9. juxtaglomerular cells and macula densa cells 10. regulate blood pressure 1 1. visceral 12. prevent passage of blood cells into filtrate 13. carry oxygen 14. indicates size of RBC’S in relation to blood vessels eveaomwpow weamewm A.D.A.M.® interactive Anatomy Student Lab Guide 25 CHAPTER 11: REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEMS Exercise 11.] 1. GNU'lstU-JN \eooju 12. 19. 20. suspensory ligament of penis . glans penis . deep dorsal vein of penis . dorsal arteries of penis . cremaster muscle _ elevates the testes during sexual arousal and during exposure to cold inferior epigastric artery . transversalis fascia . testicular artery 10. artery of ductus deferens parietal peritoneum inguinal ligament pubic symphysis ductus deferens head of epididymis testis reposs- KI vas deferensmits name implies its a dish or ves- sel that carries a substance (sperm) away from some place (epididymis) . ductus deferens, arteries, veins, and nerves . iliac vein . femoral vein . ampulla of ductus deferens . ejaculatory duct . A. corpus cavernosum B. spongy part of urethra C. head of epididymjs (may get body of epi- d1dym1s) fossa navicularis ductus deferens seminal vesicle ejaculatory duct prostate gland. prostatic urethra spongy part of urethra . bulb of penis armreaamtflp spongy, membranous, and prostatic . membranous part of urethra it makes up the subfloor of the pelvic floor, composed of the deep transverse perineal muscles and the sphincter urethra muscle (also known as the external urethral sphincter) that Surrounds the membranous urethra as it passes out of the pelvic cavity into the penis Exercise 11.2 1. A. anterior superior iliac spine femoral nerve . tensor fascia latae muscle . iliotibial tract femoral sheath superficial inguinal ring sartorius muscle . femoral vein rectus femoris muscle femoral artery . adductor longus muscle spermatic cord 2. spermatic cord 5. a region on the anterior thigh bounded by the inguinal ligament, sartorius muscle, and adduc- tor longus muscle 4. sartorius muscle barren-among: Exercise 11.3 1. A. spermatie cord corona of glans penis external meatus of urethra glans penis scrotum body of penis . pubic symphysls . pubic crest pubic tubercle inguinal ligament . anterior superior iliac spine . inguinal ligament . glans penis . spermatic cord coronal—crown . external urethral orifice meemommeow Exercise 11.4 1. A. crus of penis urogenital diaphragm tuberosity of ischiurn . external anal sphincter levator ani muscle dorsal nerve of penis ductus deferens . deep fascia of penis someone 26 Answer Key I. dorsal artery of penis 9. ovarian artery (may get: right or left) J. deep dorsal vein of penis 10. a network of nerves, veins, or lymphatic vessels K. spongy part of urethra 11. abdominal aorta L. corpus spongiosum 12. A. f‘unbria of uterine tube M. deep artery of penis B. infundibulum of uterine tube N. corpus cavernosum C. ampulla of uterine tube 2. transport sperm from testes (epididymis) to D. ovary urethra E. isthmus of uterine tube 3. levator am and coccygeus muscles F. femoral vein 4. it keeps the anal canal and orifice closed G. body of uterus 5. membranous and prostatic urethra H. round ligament of uterus 6. allows for erection of the penis 1_ body of uterus 7. ems—«leg; the crus helps to support the penis J_ cervix 8. it carries blood to the penis K. vagina 9. drain blood from the penis L. pubic symphysis 10- the dor 9-51 “51'“? 0f the penis 13. they help to guide the egg into the fallopian tube Exercise 11 .5 14. they produce eggs 1. A. suspensory ligament of clitoris B. prepuce of clitoris Exercise 11.8 C. clitoris 1. A. ampulla of uterine tube D. labium minus B. W {w ow; é li fl Kménf of E. superficial inguinal lymph node C. umbilical artery “+611” M 5 F superficial external pudendal artery D. pubic symphysis G. superficial external pudendal vein E. clitoris H. great saphenous vein E labium minus G. body of uterus Exercise 11.6 H. cervix 1. A. vulva—~skin I. fornix of vagina l3. vestibule of vagina—skin J. urinary bladder C. hymen—skin K. vagina D. prepuce of clitoris—skin L. adipose tissue E. Clitoris—skin 2. endometrium F. external orifice of urethra—skin G. labium minusmskin Exercise 11.9 H. labium majus—skin l. lactiferous duct of right breast 2. lymph vessels of breast Exercise ll .7 3. suspensory ligaments of right breast 1. peritoneum 4. lobes of mammary gland 2. femoral vein 5. transport milk from mammary glands to the 3. a. inferior epigastric artery/vein nipple b. artery/vein of round ligament of uterus - secretion 0f mflk O‘x 4. serous membrane that lines the abdominal cav— 7- A- adipose tissue ity and covers the viscera to allow for friction- B. lobe of mammary gland free movement of the organs C. Iactiferous duct of right breast S. uterus (may get:fundus of the uterus or body of D. suspensory ligament of right breast News) E. lymph vessel of breast 6. uterine venous plexus E anastomosing vein xi . inferior hypogastric nerve plexus 8. a. external iliac vein (may get: right or left) 1). external iliae artery (may get: right or left) Exercise 11.10 LA. 999:3?!“ Hemomwuoae zzrmeemomtfieop acetabuiurn inferior ramus of pubis . vagina ....
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