Political Theory Plato

Political Theory Plato - Political Theory January 8th What...

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Political Theory January 8 th    What is Political Theory and Why do we care? I) Political Theory: 2 – interconnected  dimension  II) Faulkner answer: “Past is never dead, its not even past.” a) Presence of the past b) We come into societies that are responses to questions 1) Intellectual traditions – carry through (i) Anti-democratic  elitism: based on belief of one truth (ii) Machiavelli: republicanism (iii) Locke: Liberalism (Jefferson and Declaration of Independence) (iv) Rousseau: democracy (v) Burke: conservative 2) What if these died out? 3) Can’t chose not to chose – that is a choice Reading Notes  Cephalus: justice as honesty in words and deeds Polemarchus: justice as helping friends and harming enemies January 10 th    Athenian Democracy: Cradle of (Discontented) Western Political Thought I) Greek Context a) 2 Peloponnesian Wars 1) 1 st  inconclusive (Spartan victory over Athens) 2) 2 nd  was long and brutal  (i) After Sicilian Expedition (disastrous) (ii) Sparta imposed 30 Tyrants on Athens (iii) Athens returns to democracy (overthrows) in 402BC b) Socrates – accused of ruining youth and executed in 399 BC for treason
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Political Theory Plato - Political Theory January 8th What...

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