09-17-08 Culture Wars (Harlem and The Great Depression and Mexican Muralist)

09-17-08 Culture Wars (Harlem and The Great Depression and Mexican Muralist)

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Culture Wars: Harlem Renissance and Depression Art 1. Harlem’s Renaissance 1. James VanderZee 2. Studio Portrait of a Young Man with Telephone, 1929 , James VanderZee 1. Evening Attire, 1922 2. Artist Information 1. Vanderzee never expect his photo to be displayed publicly. 1
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Culture Wars: Harlem Renissance and Depression Art 2. Provided props for his customers – different rooms, backdrops, and props. 3. Vanderzee created a fantasy environment where customers paid for imagines which portrayed and elevated and artistic class 4. Harlem based studio photographer 3. Migration of the Nigro, 1940-41, Jacob Lawrence 1. Background Information 1. Series of 60 painting each containing captions. 1. Captions written before pictures painted. 2. All images worked on at the same time. Captions are not titles; he called the images by panel names. 2. During the Harlem Renaissance, there was a massive movement of blacks from the south to cities in the NY. 2. Panel 15 “There was a Lynching” 1. The Image is extremely spare: Artist want to represent the crime of lynching without being gruesome, yet the extreme abstraction makes figuring out the image more challenging. 2. Unlike other lynching art, not a public spectacle as single subject morns over the loss of a loved one. 3. Panel 31 “Migrants Found Improved Housing when they Arrived” 1. During this Harlem Renaissance, the neighborhood was very nice. 2
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Culture Wars: Harlem Renissance and Depression Art 1. To represent improved housing condition compared to the south, Lawrence used windows to show ventilation, a sigh of good housing conditions. 1. With flashes of Color, the art emphasizes the good housing conditions, unlike Panel 15 (There was a Lynching) 2. The image is very basic and whimsical 2. The Painting has elements of modernism, the refusal of traditional artistic perspectives including recession into space and vanishing point and the embracement of pure color, pure shape and pure form. 3
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Culture Wars: Harlem Renissance and Depression Art 4. Panel 51 “African Americans seek to find better housing attempting to move into new areas. This results in their homes being burned.” 1. Demonstrates the hardship negro – racism and violence – endured for moving south. 4
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Culture Wars: Harlem Renissance and Depression Art 2. While using an abstract, cartoonish style, Lawrence addresses a serious and scary issue still facing African Americans Day. 1. Ethic mixing in terms of neighborhoods 2. Sometimes neighborhoods mix without problems but other times 4. History of Racial Terms 1. Overtime, contest and struggle create new terms for defining a racial group: one become inappropriate as new terms are created. 2. During the time of Lawrence, black groups tries to establish the term negro as respectable and neutral; Later, King and Malcolm X created the term black as respectable, but more recently, blacks groups originated the term “African American” and the other terms, negro and black, became inappropriate. 3.
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09-17-08 Culture Wars (Harlem and The Great Depression and Mexican Muralist)

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