10-06-08 Culture Wars (WWII)

10-06-08 Culture Wars (WWII) - World War II 1. Times...

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World War II 1. Times Magazine Cover: Hard Times Today 1. Image revived from the great depression 1. The time magazine wish to draw a parallel between the tough present day economic conditions and the greater depression 2. Think about how certain images are reactivated later on. Think why this reactivated and what it has to do with the original conditions? 2. WWII 1. We will discuss war in terms of American Artist, photography, and magazine covers all of which demonstrates how war is imaged and imagined 1. How these images creates a response in the observer to mobilize societies contributions to the war – woman were expected to move into jobs typically occupied by men. 2. Historical Information on WWII 1. Begins September 1, 1932 and ends 1945 2. Axis Powers: Germany, Italy and Japan 3. Allied Powers: American, Britain and Russia 4. War produces 50 million deaths – the most deaths of any war in history. 1. 11 ½ million were people who died in nazi experimentation/concentration camps. 1. Concentration Camps – The concentration of population in certain area. 1. Most concentration camps are not experimentation camps 1
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World War II 2. However, concentration camps is synonymous with extermination because Hitler’s were no infamous. 5. The War starts in Europe but ends up in the Pacific. 1. US gets involved after the surprise attack of Pearl Harbor. 1. First time WWI and WWII an attack occurred on American Soil. 1. After the attack, people felt very vulnerable they thought the war in Europe would end literally on American Soil. 6. A lot of Europe Bombed-Out after the war 7. Before the beginning of the War, The US Stock Market crashed during the Great Depression and affected European Markets. 1. Nazi rose to power, in part, by using the Jews as escape goats for the country’s economic problems. 1. During economic crisis, one group is usually target as the an escape goat. 2. Because the Jewish population was wealthy and because most Jewish belonged to the banking industry, Hitler exploited everyone economic anxieties, thereby turning to racism and anti-Semitism 8. Fascism was not concerned with individual expression. 1. The body of people composed everything, so no single individual ever stood out. 2. The dictator is meant to serve as the face or representative to the body of people. 3. Fascism photography, especially Nazi images, would not show different racial groups, for they want everyone to be cog in the machine, a 2
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World War II mass no operated by individual contribution but functioning through the body of the people. 3. Pacific Factory Magazine, April 1943 3
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World War II 1. Caption: “War Heads for Hitler” 1. Meaning these weapons are meant to be used against Hitler. 2.
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10-06-08 Culture Wars (WWII) - World War II 1. Times...

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