Chapter 22 Discussion Posts

Chapter 22 Discussion Posts - Compiled Messages

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Topic: Ch.22: The United States in a World at War, 1913-1920 Date: October 31, 2008 12:50 PM Compiled Messages Print Save as File Subject: world war 1 Author: DANA LITCHMAN Dana Litchman October 6, 2008 Chapter 22 When World War I began, President Woodrow Wilson viewed the opportunity as a means to make the world “safe for democracy.” A Wilson follower further described the war as the “war to end wars,” however both slogans are idealistic, politically charged and deceiving. First of all, the motto “war to end war” was completely idealistic and unrealistic since there have been many conflicts prior to and following World War I. As an immediate reaction several other wars began, including Romania invading Hungary, Poland invading Russia and the optimistic outlook on the war, in reality the First World War was just another war to add to list of uncountable violent conflicts in human history. In one respect the United States did follow Wilson’s slogan, with the war aimed to make the world “safe for democracy.” After reading Howard Zinn, I realized that democracy and capitalism or imperialism go hand in hand, and this was one of the main reasons for World War I (and many other) war(s). Zinn writes from DuBois, worldwide democracy is “composed of united capital and labor,” however this doesn’t work for the benefit of all mankind, solely for the wealthy nations, corporations, and people. Instead democracy really fuels exploitation (Zinn). The slogan, although using the word democracy which was purposely used to be taken well by the public, could have been changed to make the world safe for trade and foreign markets. Domestic markets were no longer enough for powerful nations, and leaders foresaw whoever traded and opened markets around the world would be the next world power. For this reason, the First World War also gave Miller 703). In another sense, the United States followed the motto “safe for democracy” in the way information was passed to the public. Since democracies are founded on the ability for the people to govern themselves, be independent and individualistic with self-determination, it is very important for the governments to filter information that is delivered to the people for persuasive purposes. In other types of governments, like monarchies or dictatorships, the government is solely responsible and able to make decisions on foreign and domestic policies. This way all decisions benefit those in power. This becomes more difficult with a democracy since the citizens play an active role in decision making and those with power and wealth aim to retain their status. In order for the government to remain in complete power they must persuade the public to their opinion, or in other words to control public beliefs and ideals through propaganda. This was embellished
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2009 for the course HIST 110 taught by Professor Haro during the Fall '09 term at San Diego.

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Chapter 22 Discussion Posts - Compiled Messages

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