Sociology review # 2 - Sociology Review Sheet for Exam 2...

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Sociology Review Sheet for Exam # 2 Misc.Terms and Concepts Differential Social Power: One group always has more power than others. Moral Enterprise: The process of constructing and applying definitions of deviance. Moral Entrepreneurs: Becker’s term for the people involved in the process of constructing moral meanings and manufacturing “deviance”. Socioeconomic status (SES): A relative position in a stratified society determined by occupation, income, and amount of education. Patriarchy: “simultaneously the process, structure, and ideology of women’s subordination” Heterosexism : Benefits heterosexuals and either disadvantages or makes same sex relationships invisible. Sex: Biological traits Gender: behavioral characteristics of portraying femininity or masculinity. Gender Ideology: The definitions and beliefs regarding the appropriate appearance, behavior, and mental or emotion characteristics for males and females. Intersex: Child born with both genitalia (Dr. operates and decides which one to make the child) Gender bipolarization: in our society people are socialized to expand upon any biological differences between men and women to make the two even more different. Doing Gender: Gender becomes a performance that we give. Symbolic interactionism: How people think about themselves and others based on interactions.
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Looking glass self: when people interact with one another, they develop a sense of their self through believed or real evaluations from the other person. Dramaturgical approach: Analogy of being on a stage. Sincere actors: Giving a performance and you believe in it. Cynical actors: Giving a performance but you don’t believe in it. The Mask: Performance can become viewed as the true self, different personalities blur. (Ex. Army recruit, sex-phone operator takes on personality of their character) Master Status: When you are no longer known as “Bob”, but as the doctor or child molester. Auxiliary Traits: Real or imagined characteristics associated with master status. Ex. People who are overweight are lazy. Men who are gay are feminine. Active status cue: Communicated through interaction. Ex. You are informed by someone that you are fat and need to lose weight. Passive status cue: You seek it, not verbally said. Primary deviance: Primary deviance refers to a transitory period of norm violations which do not affect the individual’s self-concept or performance of social roles. Ex. Decide overweight and need to lose weight. Not seen as problematic. Secondary deviance: Acts in ways that could be considered deviant Tertiary deviance: Accept your deviant status and don’t care if people don’t like it. Specifics from the Readings Chapter 14: Drug Scares: Major drug scares discussed. Who were the moral entrepreneurs? – 1. Temperance Movement – native born, middle- class, non-urban Protestants. 2. Anti-Opium Den Ordinance of 1875 – White Working Men’s Party. 3. Marijuana – Harry Aslinger of Federal Narcotics Bureau. 4. Crack – Politicians and media.
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Who was targeted by the scares? 1. Urban, Catholic Immigrants. 2. Chinese
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