PolSci 92 Notes 2

PolSci 92 Notes 2 - 02/25/08 Authoritarian Regimes: no...

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02/25/08 Authoritarian Regimes: no accountability (government is not accountable to the people), government is not responsive to the people/citizens/voters Medium Voter Theorem: target/satisfy the preferences of medium voters…not always in the center—the medium voters could be at the peak to the left. Politicians in authoritarian regimes don’t really care about medium voter theory to a certain extent…just to the point that the people don’t rebel Should they care about the people? Their position doesn’t depend on the people—these officials do care, just not in the same way that leaders in democracies do authoritarian leaders don’t JUST rule by force, they provide social good services—they care about the economy --why do they institute legislative branches, and have elaborate consititutions? Very few dictatorships in the world today that just use force—most combine force with redistribution of economic and social resources…why? To appear legitimate to other states and to stay in power *Electoral Studies Journal—About Elections Autocracies: Rule of a strong man that rules through repression/fear Wintrobe: questions widespread assumption that non-democratic regimes (autocracies) are ruled by one person and rule that is characterized by force/violence. Tyrannical Regimes : We think of Cuba as one. We typically think that tyrannical regimes are the basis of autocracies (all autocracies don’t care much about what the citizens think, use force). People don’t support rulers; they acquiesce to regime by means of repression and fear Wintrobe: Believe this to be false, because categorizing all regimes under one category but they’re not all the same. Distinguishes tyrannical regimes, introduces issue that they may not care about the people but if so, express it in different ways. Ruling through repression—chances are you are opposed by force (maybe military), repressing opposition then you don’t know exactly the support that you have. If you oppose the system, then you are either ruled or put in jail. Rulers know very little about the population, know very little about others who are co-ruling with them. Bandits: establishes monopoly of violence within a given territory. Doesn’t know what populace thinks about him or his rule, or what his colleagues think about him. HUGE PROBLEM OF INFORMATION. Preference fatisfication— leader has some idea what people want but is wrong—people don’t actually express their preferences under this regime. Information asymmetry—so rulers tend to be paranoid, they fear that they will get assassinated which is not a stable situation for an autocratic ruler. Hussein, Castro—not stable situation, not an ideal life for an autocrat. Ruling just by force is not efficient. How do you diminish your chances of getting assassinated/get people to reveal their preferences? Pay rents/buy loyalties off
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2009 for the course POLSCI 92 taught by Professor Trejoosorio during the Spring '08 term at Duke.

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PolSci 92 Notes 2 - 02/25/08 Authoritarian Regimes: no...

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