P366 - Final Exam

P366 - Final Exam - Sammy Shapiro Professor Dennis Senchuk...

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Sammy Shapiro Professor Dennis Senchuk P366: Philosophy of Action April 27, 2008 Final Exam 1) What Searle calls the “experience of acting” is simply what he believes to be, in my own words, the middle step in doing an action, and a necessary component in completing said action. “Experience of acting” is Searle’s name for intention in action. He believes that prior intention, such as my intention to raise my arm, causes an intentional action, which in turn causes the physical movement (the raising of my arm). Searle claims that mental states have incomplete existences, that they cannot exist alone, and that they must be completed by something other than themselves, their object. Therefore, according to Searle, there can be no prior intention without the occurrence of an action. He feels that prior intention is the representation of an eventual presentation, and that there can be no representation without presentation. He uses the example of a visual perception of a flower to compare, citing the visual perception of the flower as the presentation and the memory of seeing the flower as the representation. In this analogy, it is also true that representation (seeing the flower) cannot exist without presentation (the memory of seeing the flower). The problem with this comparison is that in the arm-raising scenario, the representation (the intention to raise my arm) came before the presentation (raising my arm), whereas in the flower scenario, the representation (the memory of seeing the flower) came after the presentation (seeing the flower). The scenarios contrast each other because they have different direction of fit. With the flower, my mind must match my
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surrounding world in order to create a memory. When raising my arm, my world (in this case, just the raising of my arm) must match what I have created in my mind (an intention to raise my arm). Searle argues that in both cases there lies an in-between step that most either
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P366 - Final Exam - Sammy Shapiro Professor Dennis Senchuk...

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