D2L_Lecture3 - Chapter 3 CULTURE SOCIALIZATION Factors that...

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Chapter 3 CULTURE & SOCIALIZATION
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Factors that influence our development and socialization? Genetic Family context Parenting styles Friends Schools Historical periods Culture & ecological context
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What is Socialization? “the process by which an individual becomes a member of a particular culture and takes on its values, beliefs, and other behaviors in order to function within it.” This process is lifelong and interactive. Through this process, child learns to express desireable behavior and inhibit undesireable behavior.
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Socialization (Cont’d) Appropriate socialization allows the individual to function successfully in society. Also important traditions will be passed to next generations. What are examples of traditions that your parents pass on to you?
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Socialization within the frame work of Ecological Model and Developmental Nich Review: Ecological Model The Microsystem (e.g., family, school) The Mesosystem (linkages between 2 or more systems in the Microsystem) The Exosystem (extended family, mass media) The Macrosystem (belief systems, lifestyles) The Chronosystem (timeline of development) Development Niche Physical and social settings Customs of child care and child rearing Psychological aspects of care takers
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Cultural Variations in the Socialization of Behavior Across the Lifespan: INFANCY Sleeping Patterns Earliest parent-child interaction – Relect values of autonomy vs. dependence – Western vs. Eastern values » Highly desired vs. Child neglect Varried greatly across cultures Highly structured Resistant to change How do you feel about co-sleeping? Cultural contexts? Cultural values?
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Why Do Some People Choose to Cosleep? Pros of Cosleeping: encourages breastfeeding by making nighttime breastfeeding more convenient makes it easier for a nursing mother to get her sleep cycle in sync with her baby's helps babies fall asleep more easily, helps parents who are separated from their babies during the day regain the closeness with their infant that they feel they missed
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Why Do Some People Against Cosleeping? Cons of Cosleeping: suffocation caused by an adult rolling on top of or next to a baby suffocation when an infant gets trapped or wedged between a mattress and headboard, nightstand, wall, or other rigid object suffocation resulting from a baby being face- down on a waterbed, a regular mattress, or on soft bedding such as pillows, blankets, or quilts strangulation in a headboard or footboard that allows part of an infant's body to pass through an area while trapping the baby's head
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Cultural Variations in the Socialization of Behavior: INFANCY Feeding Patterns When, what, how = socialized behavior Influenced by Developmental niche Social context Parental beliefs Values Importance of adequate nutrition Brain/physical development UNICEF data: 150 million malnourished
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Cultural Variations in the Socialization of Behavior: INFANCY Breastfeeding—bad or good for babies? Breastfeeding
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course PSY 280 taught by Professor Ngo during the Spring '08 term at Wisc La Crosse.

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D2L_Lecture3 - Chapter 3 CULTURE SOCIALIZATION Factors that...

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