D2L_Lecture1 - WELCOME TO PSYCH280 "CrossCultural...

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Unformatted text preview: WELCOME TO PSYCH280 "CrossCultural Human Development" Dr. Dung Ngo, Ph.D. University of Wisconsin La Crosse Important Concepts What is CrossCultural Psychology? "the systematic study of relationships between the cultural context of human development and the behaviors that become established in the repertoire of individuals growing up in a particular culture" Field is very diverse; thus, multiple definitions. Define Human Development: "changes in physical, psychological, and social behavior as experienced by individuals across the lifespan from conception to death." Important Concepts What is CrossCultural Human Development? " Cultural similarities and differences in developmental processes and their outcomes as expressed by behavior in individuals and groups." (Gardiner, 2001b) What is Culture? No consensus definition among cross cultural researchers. Culture equated with "nationality, ethnicity, "learned shared beliefs, values, practices, behaviors, symbols, attitudes of a group of people and that these are passed from one generation to another." race, or religion" NOT helpful. Important Concepts (Cont'd) Culture: Expressed through Architects Culture Expressed Through Food Vietnamese Traditional Long Dress Culture expresses through clothing. Through ways of life. What is Culture? Culture is the integration pattern of human behavior that includes norms, Traditions (Cultural celebrations) values (e.g., individualism vs. collectivism), beliefs, Religions actions, Behaviors communications and attitudes (cognition & behavior), Culture in the East and West Crosscultural psychologist's juxtapose Eastern holistic and Western analytic reasoning. Eastern reasoning embraces contradictions among objects in a yinyang field of constant change. Western reasoning tends to focus on objects and categories, and is driven by formal logic. [see Kaiping Peng, Daniel Ames and Eric Knowles (2001) `Culture and human inference: perspectives from three traditions', Handbook of Crosscultural Psychology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.] An Asian View of Cultural Differences Why is it important to study similarities or differences across cultures? To reduce ETHNOCENTRISM "the tendency to judge other people and cultures by the standards of one's own culture and to believe that the behavior, customs, norms, values, and other characteristics of one's own group are natural, valid, and correct while those of other's are unnatural, invalid, and incorrect." Important CrossCultural Concepts An Ecological Model The Developmental Niche Culture and Environmental influences on development Major contributor: Urie Bronfenbrnner A model for understanding how culture guides developmental process by focusing on the child as the unit. The idea that we should study crosscultural development across the life span. A Developmental Orientation A ChronologicalWithinTopics Approach Allows us to track how behaviors evolve as the person passes from infancy through adolescence and adulthood. Wisdom begins with unlearning wrong things we were taught ...
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