D2L_Lecture5 - CHAPTER 5 CULTURE LANGUAGE AND COGNITION Focus of Chapter 5 Influence of culture cognition and language on development Examine 2 opposing

D2L_Lecture5 - CHAPTER 5 CULTURE LANGUAGE AND COGNITION...

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CHAPTER 5 CHAPTER 5 CULTURE, LANGUAGE, AND CULTURE, LANGUAGE, AND COGNITION COGNITION
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Focus of Chapter 5 Influence of culture, cognition, and language on development Examine 2 opposing theories by looking at cross- cultural research data Examine the link between cognitive & linguistic behaviors across cultures Piaget’s Cognitive Developmental Theory and Vygotsky’s ZPD
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Culture, Language , Cognition Cognition the mental processes involved in gaining knowledge and comprehension, including thinking, knowing, remembering, judging, and problem solving. These are higher-level functions of thebrain Language a system of communicating with other peopleusing sounds, symbols and words in expressing a meaning, idea or thought. primarily through oral and written communications as well as using expressions through body language.
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Culture- Language- Cognition Does cognition influence language? Does language influence thinking? In what language does a bilingual/bicultural think in? Nativelanguageor second language? Do people who speak different languages think about and experience the world differently?
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Linguistic Relativity Hypothesis
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Culture- Language- Cognition Do people who speak different languages think about and experience the world differently? Argument: If people’s thinking is influenceby their language, then wecould explain differences in cognition by studying differences in languagespoken in different cultures
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Culture- Language- Cognition Research has not been ableto support thehypothesis i.e., Thinking is not determined by language. Rather, how wetalk about “things” determines how we perceive the topics Vygotsky’s perceived culture-language-cognition are interrelated and dynamic i.e., social interactions shape languagedevelopment and thinking abilities talking to learn ”—as children interact with others, they internalize language, and organizetheir thinking
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Culture- Language- Cognition Acculturation Themodification of thecultureof a group or individual as a result of contact with a different culture. Enculturation theadoption of the behavior patterns of the surrounding culture; "thesocialization of children to thenorms of their culture"
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Culture- Language- Cognition As children learn language, their cognition also develop through a process called enculturation A method to help children enculturateis scaffolding or guidance This usually occurs during theZoneof Proximal Development Important initial guidanceand support comes from caretakers, A behavior strongly influenceby culture
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Get Back to Original Questions Does cognition influence language?
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  • Spring '08
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  • Psychology, Trigraph, lopm nt, Piage C Vygotsky, diffe nt

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