D2L_Lecture5 - CHAPTER 5 CULTURE, LANGUAGE, AND COGNITION...

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CHAPTER 5 CHAPTER 5 CULTURE, LANGUAGE, AND CULTURE, LANGUAGE, AND COGNITION COGNITION
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Focus of Chapter 5 Influence of culture, cognition, and language on development Examine 2 opposing theories by looking at cross- cultural research data Examine the link between cognitive & linguistic behaviors across cultures Piaget’s Cognitive Developmental Theory and Vygotsky’s ZPD
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Culture, Language , Cognition Cognition the mental processes involved in gaining knowledge and comprehension, including thinking, knowing, remembering, judging, and problem solving. These are higher-level functions of the brain Language a system of communicating with other people using sounds, symbols and words in expressing a meaning, idea or thought. primarily through oral and written communications as well as using expressions through body language.
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Culture- Language- Cognition Does cognition influence language? Does language influence thinking? In what language does a bilingual/bicultural think in? Native language or second language? Do people who speak different languages think about and experience the world differently?
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Linguistic Relativity Hypothesis
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Culture- Language- Cognition Do people who speak different languages think about and experience the world differently? Argument: If people’s thinking is influence by their language, then we could explain differences in cognition by studying differences in language spoken in different cultures
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Culture- Language- Cognition Research has not been able to support the hypothesis i.e., Thinking is not determined by language. Rather, how we talk about “things” determines how we perceive the topics Vygotsky’s perceived culture-language-cognition are interrelated and dynamic i.e., social interactions shape language development and thinking abilities talking to learn ”—as children interact with others, they internalize language, and organize their thinking
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Culture- Language- Cognition Acculturation The modification of the culture of a group or individual as a result of contact with a different culture. Enculturation the adoption of the behavior patterns of the surrounding culture; "the socialization of children to the norms of their culture"
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Culture- Language- Cognition As children learn language, their cognition also develop through a process called enculturation A method to help children enculturate is scaffolding or guidance This usually occurs during the Zone of Proximal Development Important initial guidance and support comes from caretakers, A behavior strongly influence by culture
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Does cognition influence language? Does language influence thinking?
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D2L_Lecture5 - CHAPTER 5 CULTURE, LANGUAGE, AND COGNITION...

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