Psychology Study Guides

Psychology Study - Psychology Study Guides Chapter 1 19 Questions 1 Experimental Bias researcher influences the research results in the expected

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Psychology Study Guides Chapter 1 19 Questions 1) Experimental Bias- researcher influences the research results in the expected direction 2) Early Schools of Though Structuralism: sought to identify the basic building blocks, or structures , of the mind through introspection (Wundt and Titchener key leaders) Functionalism: studied how the mind functions to adapt organisms to their environment (William James key leader) Psychoanalytic/ psychodynamic perspective: unconscious processes and unresolved past conflicts (Freud was the founder) Behavioral perspective: objective, observable environmental influences on overt behavior (Watson, Pavlov, and Skinner were leaders). Dog Salivating experiment. Humanist perspective: free will, self-actualization, and a positive, growth-seeking human nature (Rogers and Maslow were key figures) Cognitive perspective: thought, perception, and information processing Neuroscience/ Biopsychology perspective: genetics and other biological processes in the brain and other parts of the nervous system 3)Three Types of Descriptive Research: Naturalistic Observation-- observation and recording of behavior in natural state or habitat ( Observe without interfering) Survey-- assessment of a sample or population Case Study-- in-depth study of a single participant ( very subjective) 4) Informed Consent- Voluntary participation Restricted use of deception Debriefing Confidentiality Alternative activities Freedom to Withdraw- self explanatory 5) Basic Research : conducted to advance scientific knowledge. For the sake of knowledge no planned usage.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Applied designed to solve practical problems. Results will be applied towards existing problem 5) Psychology: scientific study of behavior and mental processes (hard vs. Soft science). Psychology focuses on critical thinking and is scientific (not just negative). 4 Goals 1. Description: tells “what” occurred 2. Explanation: tells “why” a behavior or mental process occurred 3. Prediction: identifies conditions “under which a future behavior or mental process is likely to occur” 4. Change: applies psychological knowledge to prevent unwanted behavior or to bring about desired goals
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Alvarez during the Spring '08 term at Tulane.

Page1 / 7

Psychology Study - Psychology Study Guides Chapter 1 19 Questions 1 Experimental Bias researcher influences the research results in the expected

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online