Lecture 3-28-08 (CH 10)

Lecture 3-28-08 (CH 10) - Trait Approaches Trait theory...

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Trait Approaches Trait theory Assumption that all people possess certain traits Traits Enduring dimensions of personality characteristics along with which people differ Allport’s Trait Theory Cardinal trait A single characteristic that directs most of a person’s activities Central trait Major characteristic of an individual Secondary trait Characteristics that affect behavior in fewer situations and are less influential than central or cardinal traits Trait Approaches Cattell Factor analysis A method of summarizing the relationships among a large number of variables into fewer, more general patterns Source traits Represent the basic dimensions of personality Hans Eysenck Extraversion, neuroticism, and psychoticism The “Big Five” Openness to experience Conscientiousness Extraversion Agreeableness Neuroticism Learning Approaches Social cognitive approaches Emphasizes the influence of a person’s cognitions – thoughts, feelings,
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Lecture 3-28-08 (CH 10) - Trait Approaches Trait theory...

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