Lecture 2-15-08 (CH 5) - Chapter 5 Lecture Breakout...

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Chapter 5 Lecture – Breakout Punishment as a reinforcer Stimulus that decreases the probability that a previous behavior will occur again Positive punishment Football players are not cooperating, so you make them run a lap Add unpleasant consequence Negative punishment Driving drunk, and your parents take away your drivers license Remove Pleasant consequence Positive Reinforcers, Negative Reinforcers Positive reinforcement Add something desired You get straight A’s, so your parents give you a car Negative reinforcement Remove something undesired Getting ungrounded Schedules of Reinforcement Fixed-ratio schedule Reinforcement is given only after an established number of responses If you do something five times, they you will get a reward Variable-ratio schedule Reinforcement occurs after a varying number of responses rather than after a fixed number Videogame: kill five guys to get through a door, next time they have to kill six guys… Social Learning Theory
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  • Spring '08
  • Handron
  • Reinforcers Positive reinforcement, consequence Negative punishment, consequence Positive Reinforcers, schedule Reinforcement, Reinforcement Fixed-ratio schedule

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