07a_Natural_Hazard08 - The Management Challenge Natural...

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Natural Hazards:      The Management Challenge Jery R. Stedinger Cornell University
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California Hazards
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Look at what   Mother Nature  does 2004 Tsunami in Southeast Asia killed 220,000 people In US in 1989-90: •  Hurricane Hugo $ 9 billion, 49 dead,  300,00 families affected •  Loma Prieta $6 billion, 13 dead,  6 million effected •  Single 1990 hail storm in Denver, $1 billion damages. •  1990 Santa Barbara wildfire, $250 million damages. Recent estimate is that natural disasters  cost $50 billion per year in the United States! New Orleans goes underwater in 2005.  Deaths 1,330; damage $96 BILLION
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Presentation Outline Natural hazards– what are they?  Disaster Management Cycle Risk Assessment–   Mitigation Activities– science and planning can help Much of this talk was extracted from: Tim Cohn, Natural Disasters: A Fresh Look U.S. Geological Survey, Feb. 2002
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0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Sig. Damage Deaths Worldwide Impact of Natural Hazards (%) From Zillman in Natural Disaster Management, Tudor Rose, 1999.
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US Losses due to Natural Hazards (Cutter and Emirch, 2005) .
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What are the major  Natural Hazards? Tornadoes Hurricane Fire Landslides Earthquakes Volcanoes
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Inland Floods
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Regions of Major Flooding for Conterminous  United States, January 1993-February 1999.
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http://www.foxnews.com/images/204086/24_27 _051506_ne_floods.jpg May 15, 2006 Residents paddle through flooded streets in Lowell, Mass http://www.foxnews.com/images/ 204086/12_24_051506_flood01.jpg By GLEN JOHNSON, Associated Press Writer Tue May 16, 7:41 PM ETMETHUEN, Mass. - Driving rains that caused the worst flooding in New England since the 1930s finally eased up Tuesday, but washed-out roads and the danger of dam breaks prevented many people from returning to their homes.
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1993 Mississippi Flood 50 lives lost $16 Billion damages
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Bangladesh: 1988 some 75% of country flooded; 2,000 deaths. A 1985 cyclone caused flooding that killed 10,000. From Newsweek , p. 42, Aug. 28, 1989.
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Tsunamis
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Worst 12 Pacific tsunami disasters since 1850 Event Location Casualties 2005 Indonesia 220,000 1883 Krakatau 36,500 1868 Chile 25,674 1896 Japan 21,959 1976 Philippines   8,000 1899 Indonesia   3,620 1933 Japan   3,064 1854 Japan   3,000 1998 Papua New Guinea   2,182 1923 Japan   2,144 1861 Indonesia   1,700 1992 Indonesia   1,500 1946 Japan   1,330 From Bernard, p. 59 in Natural Disaster Management, Tudor Rose, 1999.
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07a_Natural_Hazard08 - The Management Challenge Natural...

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