34_NoRisk_EPA_Morell - CEE 597 Lecture 34 What Risks Do We Care About How much should we pay for Safety Health 16 April 2008 Jery Stedinger Lecture

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16 April 2008 Jery Stedinger Lecture 34 CEE 597 – Lecture 34 What Risks Do We Care About? How much should we pay  
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16 April 2008 Jery Stedinger Lecture 34 The right to bears & arms
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16 April 2008 Jery Stedinger Lecture 34 Comic 1
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16 April 2008 Jery Stedinger Lecture 34 FDA and Drugs
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16 April 2008 Jery Stedinger Lecture 34 Comic
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16 April 2008 Jery Stedinger Lecture 34 Question? Who does a better job of protecting public health and safety: OSHA or EPA?
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16 April 2008 Jery Stedinger Lecture 34 No Risk is the Highest Risk of All Aaron Wildavsky “How extraordinary! The richest, long-lived, best-protected,  most resourceful civilization, with the highest degree of  insight into its own technology, is on its way to becoming  the most frightened…  Chicken Little is alive and well in  America.” “Biologists tell of organisms that die not so much because  of invasion of lethal foreign bodies, but rather because the  attack arouses all defense mechanisms of the organism at  once thereby leading to annihilation by exhaustion.”
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16 April 2008 Jery Stedinger Lecture 34 Reducing Risks is not Riskless Lessen risk reduces productivity and consumes resources If drugs are hard to certify—  some good drugs won’t become available. Nitrates cause cancer, but they are preservatives  that guard against botulism. Too many safeguards become a hazard themselves. We must balance safety against safety; one risk against another. Do we want to be made safe by government regulators who take away  freedom in the bargain: “restriction is coercion.”
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16 April 2008 Jery Stedinger Lecture 34 11 top risks identified by EPA Advisory Panel as  posing biggest environmental or public health threats September, 1990 Ecological Risks Habitat alteration and destruction Species extinction and overall loss of biodiversity Global climate change Stratospheric ozone depletion Health Risks Criteria air pollutants (e.g. smog) Drinking water contamination Toxic air pollutants (e.g. benzene) Occupational exposure to chemicals Radon Application of pesticides Indoor air pollutants Stratospheric ozone depletion
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16 April 2008 Jery Stedinger Lecture 34 Public Top Concerns, March 1990 Active hazardous waste sites 67% Abandoned hazardous waste sites 65% Water pollution from industrial wastes 63% Occupational exposure to toxic chemicals 63% Oil Spills 60% Destruction of ozone layer 60% Nuclear plant accidents 60% Industrial accidents releasing pollutants 58% Air pollution from factories 56% Leaking underground storage tanks 55% Coastal water contamination 54% Solid waste and litter 53% Pesticide risks to farm workers 52% Water pollution from agricultural runoff 51%
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This note was uploaded on 03/29/2009 for the course CEE 5950 taught by Professor Carr during the Fall '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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34_NoRisk_EPA_Morell - CEE 597 Lecture 34 What Risks Do We Care About How much should we pay for Safety Health 16 April 2008 Jery Stedinger Lecture

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