Lecture 4-07-29-08 (CH 12+13)

Lecture 4-07-29-08 (CH 12+13) - Chapter 12 & 13:...

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Six Categories of Disorders Anxiety Disorders Somatoform (Psychophysiological) Disorders Dissociative Disorders Mood Disorders Thought Disorders Personality Disorders Anxiety Disorder Anxiety occurs without external justification and begins to affect a person’s daily functioning Generalized anxiety disorder: Chronic experience of long term, low level, persistent anxiety Panic Disorder Acute anxiety that is not triggered by any identifiable stimulus and lasts from a few seconds to several hours Nancy’s story Treatment Psychotherapy Treatment by a therapist who uses psychological techniques to help someone overcome psychological difficulties Biomedical therapy Relies on drugs and other medical procedures to improve psychological functioning Drugs: Gives window for therapy Anti-anxiety medications: valium, Librium, xanax, antivan- short term, fast acting, effective, addictive Buspar – long term ,slower acting, non-addictive Psychodynamic Treatment Based on the theory that the primary causes of abnormal behavior are unresolved unconscious conflicts that are breaking into conscious behavior. Psychodynamic treatment Establish trust relationship Determine situation – now; case history Probe unconscious Humanistic Approach to therapy
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Based on the assumption that an individual has within him/herself the ability to make choices and with help find and implement solutions to their own difficulties Tool used – Client Centered Therapy Client-Centered Therapy Goal is to enable people to reach their potential for self- actualization Unconditional positive regard Non-directive Validate feelings Clarify thoughts – (active listening) Phobic Disorder Intense, irrational fears of specific objects or situations Extreme tension, hyperventilation Cause Some easily traced Some unknown Behaviorist School Approaches to Treatment Systematic desensitization Gradual exposure to an anxiety-producing stimulus Step by step approach to getting rid of symptoms Jim’s Story Agoraphobia Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Obsession – a persistent, unwanted thought or idea that keeps recurring Compulsion – irrational beliefs which persistent ritual actions to reduce stress Treatment Medicine – anti-depressants – clormiprimine Psychotherapy – carefully Joe’s Story Therapeutic Modalities Group therapy Several unrelated people meet with a therapist to discuss some aspect of their psychological functioning Family therapy Involves two or more members of the same family, one (or more) of whose problems led to treatment
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------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ----------- Somatoform (Psychophysiological) Disorders
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course PSYC 1000 taught by Professor Handron during the Spring '08 term at East Carolina University .

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Lecture 4-07-29-08 (CH 12+13) - Chapter 12 & 13:...

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