bettelheim_childs - Warning Concerning Copyright...

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Warning Concerning Copyright Restrictions The Copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyright material. Under certain conditions specified in the law, libraries and archives are authorized to furnish a photocopy or other reproduction. One of these specified conditions is that the photocopy or reproduction not be "used for any purposes other than private study, scholarship, or research." If a user makes a request for, or later uses, a photocopy or reproduction for purposes in excess of "fair use," that user may be liable for copyright infringement.
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THE USES OF ENCHANTMENT 44 those who have done something really bad get destroyed, the fable seems to teach that it is wrong to enjoy life when it is good, as in summer. Even worse, the ant in this fable is ~ nasty animal, without any compassion for the suffering of the grasshopper-and this is the figure the child is asked to take for his example. The wolf, on the contrary, is obviously a bad animal, because it wants to destroy. The wolfs badness is something the young child recognizes within himself: his wish to devour, and its consequence- the anxiety about possibly suffering such a fate himself. So the wolf is an externalization, a projection of the child's badness-and the story tells how this can be dealt with constructively. The various excursions in which the oldest pig gets food in good ways are an easily neglected but significant part of the story, because they show that there is a world of difference between eating and devouring. The child subconsciously understands it as the difference between the pleasure principle uncontrolled, when one wants to de- vour all at once, ignoring the consequences, and the reality principle, in line with which one goes about intelligently foraging for food. The mature pig gets up in good time to bring the goodies home before the wolfappears on the scene. What better demonstration ofthe value of acting on the basis ofthe reality principle, and what it consists of, than the pig's rising very early in the morning to secure the delicious food and, in so doing, foiling the wolfs evil designs? In fairy tales it is typically the youngest child who, although at first thought little ofor scorned, turns out to be victorious in the end. "The Three Little Pigs" deviates from this pattern, since it is the oldest pig who is superior to the two little pigs all along. An explanation can be found in the fact that all three pigs are "little:: thus immature, as is the child himself. The child identifies with each of them in turn and recognizes the progression of identity. "The Three Little Pigs" is a fairy tale because ofits happy ending, and because the wolfgets what he deserves. While the child's sense ofjustice is offended by the poor grasshop- per having to starve although it did nothing bad, his feeling offairness is satisfied by the punishment of the wolf. Since the three little pigs represent stages in the development ofman, the disappearance ofthe
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2009 for the course GER 250 taught by Professor Jenkins during the Fall '08 term at University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.

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bettelheim_childs - Warning Concerning Copyright...

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