Plato_Image_of_the_Cave - Warning Concerning Copyright...

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Warning Concerning Copyright Restrictions The Copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyright material. Under certain conditions specified in the law, libraries and archives are authorized to furnish a photocopy or other reproduction. One of these specified conditions is that the photocopy or reproduction not be "used for any purposes other than private study, scholarship, or research." If a user makes a request for, or later uses, a photocopy or reproduction for purposes in excess of "fair use," that user may be liable for copyright infringement.
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KNOWLEDGE AND THE FORMS (1) 231 do you think that people in" this situauon would even have seen themselves and each other Pfoperly? Orjust theirown shadows,castby the fire on to the wall ofthe cave which faces the prisoners?' 'How could they seeanything else.' said Glaucon, 'if they are forced to hold their heads still all their lives?' 'What about the dummies .which are carried back and forth behind the wall? Won't the prisoners see only the shadows of those as well?' 'Yes: what else could they see?' 'And if these prisoners were able to speak to one another in language. don't you think they would take itthat their words were names for those same shadows that they see front of them?' 'They'd be bound to,' said Glaucon. '. 'What if their prison had an ~, too, rebounding offthe wall in front of the prisoners whenever one of the stage-hands behind the wall spoke? Do you think the" prisoners would believe that the source of the sound was anything other than whichever shadow· they could see at the time?' 'By Zeus, no~' he replied. .. 'Then prisoners like these will think that thetruth IS nothing other than the shadows of dummies.' 'They are absolutely bound to,' said Glaucon. 'Consider what a release from their chains it would be. andwhat a healingfor their deluded minds. inn the" course ofnaturesomethinglikethe followinghappened to them. Supposeone of them was unchained, and was immediately made to stand up and tum his head around, to' walk about and look up the cave towards the firelight. It would hurt him to do all these things~ and the firelight would be so dazzling that it would prevent him from seeing properly the dummies whose shadows he was looking at before. So if ~aid this to him: "Up till now. you have been looking at specious rubbish; butnowyouare a littleclosertowhat - SI5c1 SlSbl · " 'Next: I said, 'take the following sort ofexperience, as an image of the degree to which our nature is educated - or rather uneducated. Imagine people living in some sort of underground, cave-like dwelling. Their cave is open to the light; in the distance, right at the other end ofthe cave's length, is the entrance to it from outside.
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Plato_Image_of_the_Cave - Warning Concerning Copyright...

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