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Lecture 2-13-08 (CH 5) - response is • Learned •...

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Chapter 5 Lecture – Learning Types of learning Behaviorist school – interaction with environment Classical conditioning Operant conditioning Social learning theory Cognitive school – through workings of our mind Information processing theory – memory Law of effect Behaviors that lead to satisfying consequences are more likely to be repeated than on that leads to negative consequences Edward Thorndike Operant Conditioning Developed by American Psychologist B.F. Skinner 1930’s to 40’s Behavior determined by consequences Learning in which a voluntary
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Unformatted text preview: response is • Learned • Strengthened • Weakened • extinguished by reinforcement (favorable/ unfavorable consequences Positive / Negative reinforcement Positive • Add something desired • Be sure it is a desired behavior that you reinforce Negative • Remove something undesired Punishment as a reinforce • A stimulus that decreases the probability that a prior event will occur again ♦ Positive punishment – add unpleasant consequences ♦ Negative punishment – remove pleasant consequences...
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