Zipes_Rationalization - Warning Concerning Copyright...

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Warning Concerning Copyright Restrictions The Copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyright material. Under certain conditions specified in the law, libraries and archives are authorized to furnish a photocopy or other reproduction. One of these specified conditions is that the photocopy or reproduction not be "used for any purposes other than private study, scholarship, or research." If a user makes a request for, or later uses, a photocopy or reproduction for purposes in excess of "fair use," that user may be liable for copyright infringement.
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38 Happily Ever After infantile quest-the core of American mythology--en led him to strike a chord in American viewers from the 1920s 0 the present, a chord that has also resounded across the ocean i Europe, for Dis- ney continued framing the discourse ofcivility ithin a male frame in the tradition of writers like Straparola, asile, Perrault, the Brothers Grimm, Ludwig Bechstein, nri Pourrat, J. R. R. Tolkien, and C. S. Lewis as well as illus ators like George Cruik- shank, Gustav Dore, Richard Do'i e, Walter Crane, Charles Folkard, Arthur Rackham, and Ch es Robinson. All of these men bonded, so to speak, or collabora a for the same reason: to use cats for their own self-figuration an to rationalize the manner in which power relations are distribut a to benefit men in Western society. Perhaps this is why cats re not man's best friend. In the literary and cinematic fairy-tal tradition of "Puss in Boots," they have been manipulated to e tol male prowess and to represent the diffi- culties of middle-cl s writers and administrators in establishing a secure position fo themselves in societies that are dominated by display and forc . The only writer who spoke for cats and against servility was Bile, but who remembers his version? Who remem- bers his smar cat who long ago grasped the duplicity of the men who tried t frame her life? She escaped the frame, but the tradi- tion of"P s in Boots" reveals how the origins of this frame and its borders enclosure are still very much with us as we approach the twent first century. 2 The Rationalization of Abandonment and Abuse in Fairy Tales The Case of Hansel and Gretel T here ~re very few children, parents, or critics in Europe and Amenca who do not know the fairy tale "Hansel and Gretel," by those famous brothers Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm. In fact, "Hansel and Gretel" has always been a worldwide favorite, and in a recent poll in Germany it was voted the number one fairy tale in the country. An entire book has been devoted to the story, Deutung und Bedeutung von "Hiinsel und Gretel" by Regina Bohm-Korff,l which examines the myriad ways in which the tale has been inter- preted, revised, and parodied. Apparently "Hansel and Gretel" is so rich in meaning that critics of all schools have been tempted time and again to explore every possible symbol and word in order to explain why we are fascinated by this narrative and why it has
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2009 for the course GER 250 taught by Professor Jenkins during the Fall '08 term at University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.

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Zipes_Rationalization - Warning Concerning Copyright...

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