Wilhelm1 - Wilhelmi 1 Wilhelmi JohnPaul En Hua Zhang...

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Wilhelmi Wilhelmi, JohnPaul En Hua Zhang CHINESE241-Contemp Chinese Lit 12 May 2009 Socialist Realism The stories “Rhymes of Li Yu-Tsai” by Chao Shuli and “When I was in Xia Village” by Ding Ling are two stories that show social issues for concern through the eyes of the main characters. The main issue overall is equality among the people of China. Both stories present this issue during the second Sino-Japanese war, which lasted from July 7, 1937 to September 9, 1945. The social issue of equality in “When I was in Xia Village” by Ding Ling was that of women’s rights. In “Rhymes of Li Yu-Tsai” by Chao Shuli, the social issue of equality is of the peasant working class. This paper will show how both stories present social issue of concern (socialist realism) during the second Sino-Japanese war and their fight for communism. For one to understand how both readings present the issues of social concern (socialist realism) we must understand more than the two stories “Rhymes of Li Yu- Tsai” and “When I was in Xia Village”. First, we must have a brief history of the writers of each story to understand their mindset and what brought them to write the story. The second thing we must understand is the position of China around the time 1
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Wilhelmi that both stories take place. The system of government under control of China during the setting of the two stories will help us better understand the meaning in both the stories and the possibility of communist propaganda in the stories. Next, we must understand social issue for concern (socialist realism). Finally, we must explain communism and its relation to social issues for concern in both stories “Rhymes of Li Yu-Tsai” and “When I was in Xia Village”. Ding Ling (Jiang Bingzhi) was born on October 12, 1904 in Hunan Province. At age four her father became ill and passed away leaving only her mother to take care of her. Her mother was a strong minded educator and activist of women’s rights. At age 17, Ding Ling went to Shanghai where she studied at an all girl’s school under the influence of the communist party. After completing her primary schooling, she attended Shanghai University for a short time. Following her brief stay at Shanghai University, Ding Ling went to Beijing in 1923. She wanted to complete her studies at Peking University but was unable to afford it, and she resorted to educating herself. Just a year later she met Hu Yeping, a young communist propaganda writer. In 1927 she published her first major story "Miss Sophie's Diary". Just 5 years later in 1932, she would join the Communist party. Ding Ling became imprisoned the next year by the Nationalist Government. Three years later she escaped and wrote the novel "The Sun Shines over the Sanggan River" which talked about Chinese land reform in 1947. Her novel won the Stalin Prize for Literature in 1951.
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This note was uploaded on 03/30/2009 for the course SOCIOLOGY 230 taught by Professor Ball during the Spring '09 term at UMass (Amherst).

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Wilhelm1 - Wilhelmi 1 Wilhelmi JohnPaul En Hua Zhang...

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