chptr 3- - 1 Several states agreed to ratify the new U.S...

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1.  Several states agreed to ratify the new U.S. Constitution only if what was added to  it? Several of the states conventions that ratified the proposed Constitution did so with the  provision that a “bill of rights” would soon be added. 2. Twelve amendments were originally proposed, but two of them were not adopted at  that time.  However, one of those two was finally ratified in 1992, 200 years after it was  first proposed.  What amendment was that, and what is its purpose? The Twenty-seventh Amendment- called the “lost amendment”- delays any increase in  congressional salaries until a congressional election has intervened. 3. When the Bill of Rights was first adopted, did it apply to the states? The Bill of Rights was not intended to apply to the states. 4. Because of the fact mentioned in number 3 above, for most abuses of power that  citizens suffered they had to look to what level of government? For most abused powers, citizens had recourse only to their state constitution and state  courts. 5. How did the 14 th  Amendment change the condition in number 3 and 4 above? The ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment in 1868 laid the groundwork for a drastic  change in the nature of the Union. 6. What does it mean when we say that the Supreme Court incorporated the Bill of  Rights into the 14 th  Amendment? Without additional formal amendment of the Constitution, the Court “incorporated” or  absorbed the Bill of Rights into the Fourteenth Amendment in a series of about two dozen  cases beginning in 1897 and concluding in 1969. 7. Which specific provisions of the Bill of Rights are integrated into the 14 th  Amendment? The Second and Eighth Amendment
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8. Which are not integrated? The Ninth and Tenth Amendments. 9. The 9 th  and 10 th  Amendments do not lend themselves to incorporation.  What do  these two amendments provide for? The 9 th  Amendment recognizes of the existence of rights not enumerated.  The 10 th  Amendment reserves powers of the states. 10. Give an example from your text indicating how the words in the Bill of Rights did not  change, but the meaning of those words did change based upon Supreme Court  decisions. The 4 th  Amendment’s ban on “unreasonable searches and seizures” did not apply for a  long time to electronic surveillance unless police physically trespassed on a suspect’s  property.  This meant that state and federal agents could eavesdrop electronically in  many situations without fear of violating the Constitution.
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