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CHAPTER TWO- - CHAPTER TWO 1 As you learned in the last...

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CHAPTER TWO 1. As you learned in the last chapter, federalism was one of the ways the founder divided government power vertically. Define federalism. Federalism is a system of government in which the national government and state governments share governmental power within the same political system. 2. What sort of compromise was federalism? It is a compromise between a strong central government and a league of separate states. 3. Explain how unitary systems, federal systems, and confederations differ in terms of the distribution of power between a central government and state governments. A confederation is a loose collection of states in which principal power lies at the level of the individual state, while a unitary system is one where principal power lies at the level of a national or central government, as opposed to the smaller or individual units of the confederation. A federal system is a balance between both confederations and unitary systems. 4. How did Daniel Elazer describe federalism? He wrote that “federalism has to do with the need of people and polities to unite for common purposes yet remain separate to preserve their respective integrities. It is rather like wanting to have one’s cake and eat it too.” 5. What are some of the crucial roles state play in the American federal system? They administer social welfare policies, struggle with regional problems, amend the Constitution, and shape electoral contests at the national level. They act in some measure as administrative units to help carry out national social welfare programs substantially funded by Congress. 6. What crucial fact does your book cite to explain of the legislative behavior at the national level—such as voting to help people or organizations in the members home districts?
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