CHAPTER NINE - CHAPTER NINE 1. Why is Congress often called...

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CHAPTER NINE 1. Why is Congress often called the “first branch” of government? It is the first branch of government established in Article I of the Constitution. 2. Why is Congress called the “peoples’ branch” of government? It is called the peoples’ branch because its members are the public officials who seem most immediately responsive to changes in the public’s moods and opinions. 3. Aside from the preamble, what is the first section, or article, of the Constitution? Article I. 4. List four of what seem to you to be the most important powers granted to Congress? Levy taxes, establish federal courts, maintain armed forces, make laws “necessary and proper” to carry out above powers. 5. Why does your book cite the “necessary and proper clause” as possibly one of the most important grants of power to Congress? It authorizes Congress to “make all laws which are necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers and all other powers vested by this Constitution in the government” 6. List and explain two important examples of specific limitation on the powers of Congress found in the Constitution. Checks and balances – system of separate institutions sharing some powers that the Constitution mandates for the national government whose purpose is to keep power divided among three branches Senate and House of representatives – 7. What effort did the 17 th Amendment have on the U.S. Senate? The Senate became the mass electorate and the distinction the Founders considered to be so important faded away. 8. Cite two examples of checks and balances. Congress may pass laws, but the president can veto them, and the Supreme Court can declare them unconstitutional. In foreign policy, the president and Congress battle for control. Although Congress can declare war, the president commands the armed forces and can send them anywhere.
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9. Cite three examples of differences between the House and the Senate. Members represent only part of a state, House districts are equal in population; House contains
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CHAPTER NINE - CHAPTER NINE 1. Why is Congress often called...

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