Ketal_formation - Ketal Formation Mechanism for Ketal...

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O HC l O H O H OR H Protonation Activates Carbonyl Toward Nucleophilic Addition O H H Cl Cl O O HR Hemi-Ketal (Note, if R = H, Hydrate) l O O Cl H O R O R Resonance Stabilized Oxonium Ion H 2 O H O R H Cl O O RR Ketal Mechanism for Ketal Formation Try your hand at intramolecular ketal formation O OH HO H + ? Ketal Formation
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Dean Stark Trap : Used to Remove Water in Ketal Formation Benzene or toluene solvent co-distills with water that is liberated in the reaction. The
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Ketal_formation - Ketal Formation Mechanism for Ketal...

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