Exam1StudyGuide- Rhea - Exam 1 Study Guide Robert Redfield...

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Exam 1 Study GuideRobert Redfield& Oscar Lewis:Both went to Tepotzlan, Mexico but Redfield saw harmony and Lewis saw competitionThey had diff edu’s and upbringins, from diff time periods that shaped their viewEmic and etic perspectives are necessaryRichard Lee: participant observation in Ju/Hoansi that brought new insightAs outsider, not constrained to strict cul boundsWanted to prepare trad feast of a large ox- they insulted his ox, saying it was a pitiful size and could not provide enough meatThe reason was bc when a man prepares such a good ox he begins to feel superiorto the rest- they did not like Lee’s pride although he didn’t realize he was being pridefulAnnette Weiner & Bronislaw Malinowski: women’s economic role in Trobriand IslandsBackground: a wife’s father then brother plants the yam garden for her- if the husband is “worthy” the brother will plant a bigger garden and build yam house- all men are linked around womenMalinowski thought men planted yam gardens for their sisters to support the matrilineal line- believed that only reason men planted garden for their sisters is to keep the children fed and that the father was unimportantWeiner realized women’s econ importance bc her era had seen changes for womenCarl Linnaeus: classification of similarities and differences of physical characteristicsTaxonomy (animal kingdom has 6 classes)Gregor Mendel: pea plant experiment (used to think parents genes were blended-paint pot)Dominant & recessive traits- A vs. aAlleles (variations of a gene)Heterozygous Aa and Homozygous AA or aaHomozygous dominant AA or Homozygous recessive aaGenotype- hereditary makeup vs. Phenotype- expression of traits including interaction w/ environ. Nat selec only works on phenotypePrinciple of Independent Assortment: chromosomes are inherited independently (blond hair not related to blue eyes, different traits)John-Baptiste Lamarck: individuals who change during their lifetime can pass along those acquired changes through inheritance to their offspringCharles Darwin:Bathtub experiments: tested if veggie seeds could float, therefore they could crossthe ocean and still germinate- this is how “genes” travel- also tried with a dead birdEvolution: transformation of species, descent with modificationWorks on genotype, non-randomNatural Selection: most powerful selection, selection of favored forms
Must have variation, be heritable, result in differential rate of reproduction(or fitness) *Fitness is contextual (black vs white moths)There must be competitionWorks on phenotype, individual levelBalanced Polymorphism: alleles maintain a constant frequency in a pop over timeEx- Sickle-Cell Anemia: Hemoglobin carries oxygen to blood- sickle shape can’t getoxygen so fatalNormal allele is HbA, abnormal allele is HbSSo HbS HbS you have it, HbA HbA you don’t have it, &

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