Exam 1 Review Sheet - Anthropology 101 Professor...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 15 pages.

Anthropology 101 First Hourly Review Sheet Professor Peters-Golden Fall 2016 Robert Redfield & Oscar Lewis Robert Redfield (emic): Tepotzlan, Mexico Oscar Lewis (etic) As it turns out, the data that Lewis collected was very different from Redfield’s, either a radical change had occurred or someone was wrong Redfield: harmony, looked only at the surface Lewis: competition, jealousy, dug deeper Neither was wrong, each approached the community in an incomplete way Their training was very different and both looked for what they were trained in Complexity and richness of a community demands both aspects of looking at the surface and digging deeper (observing relations between people) Richard Lee Richard Lee: one of the primary ethnographers among the ju/’hoansi o Ridiculed for his feast because of the customs of the society (egalitarian) o Bragged about how big his pig is, not supposed to brag supposed to stay humble o Ridiculed to keep him humble Annette Weiner Annette Weiner: noticed differences from Malinowski in Trobriand Islands, things he missed o Noticed economic importance of Trobriand women which Malinowski missed o Changes occurred in the world of persona of the ethnographer that allowed facts to be recognized but not changes in status of Trobriand women Bronislaw Malinowski Bronislaw Malinowski: brought a bias to Trobriand islands that colored his observations, the bias of who he was Caused him to miss some important features of the community
Anthropology 101 First Hourly Review Sheet Professor Peters-Golden Fall 2016 Missed the wealth of women, thought they were valuable through their reproductive abilities First to do extensive participant observation, early 20 th century Carl Linnaeus Placed humans in the same class as monkeys and apes Classification by similarities and differences in physical characteristics Gregor Mendel His reports were ignored by the scientific world for more than 30 years Studied peas and flowers, mendelian studies Friar Punnet square Traits can be inherited Alleles, genotype, phenotype Mendel John-Baptiste Lamarck Inheritance of acquired characteristics Individuals who change during their lifetime can pass along those acquired changes through inheritance to their offspring Epigenetics Charles Darwin Natural selection: those most fit to survive and reproduce in a given environment do so more successfully than others in the same population His most controversial statement: humans and apes share a common ancestry Didn’t know o Sources of variation o Mechanisms of heredity Napoleon Chagnon William Dressler The hypertension gradient East- West gradient: Africa < Caribbean < U.S.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture