hoaia(3) - To what extent was the partition of India due to...

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To what extent was the partition of India due to Great Britain’s Involvement in World War Two? A. Plan of Investigation To what extent was the partition of India due to Great Britain’s Involvement in World War Two? On August 14, 1947, the Dominion of Pakistan was created. The next day, the Union of India was established. As soon as India gained its independence from Great Britain, it was split along religious lines into two sovereign states. Many scholars argue that Great Britain’s involvement in World War II directly influenced the partition of British Indian Empire, promulgated by the Indian Independence Act of 1947. The aim of this investigation is to find out how far this claim is justified. The investigation will cover the situation in pre-war British Indian Empire, the Hindu-dominated Congressional resistance to World War II and the Quit India Movement, the power the Muslim League gained during the war, and the actual partition. Much of the research will be from speeches given by Gandhi and scholarly interpretations of the events leading up to and during World War II. Words: 138 B. Summery of Evidence 1. Situation in Pre-War India In the years before the war, the British-controlled India was in social and political turmoil. After World War I, the Government of India Act of 1919 established the principle of a dual mode of administration, in which power was shared between Indian legislators and appointed British officials. However, this reform was seriously undermined in March 1919 by the Rowlatt Acts which vested the British viceroy’s government with significant powers to quell
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sedition. These acts resulted in widespread hartel – cessation of work – which was led by Mohandas Gandhi. This hartel was continued until 1922 when Gandhi disbanded it because of atrocities committed by the police. For his leadership in the insurrection, Gandhi was imprisoned until 1924. Although he was in prison, the Congress continued his nationalist aspirations under the leadership of Nehru, Patel, Prasad, and others. As more political parties began forming and voicing nationalist opinions, the British appointed a commission led by Sir John Simon in 1927 to further the constitutional devolution of power. However, no Indian was appointed to the commission. In 1929 Congress responded by drafting a constitution demanding full independence by 1930. At the same time that the seeds of the Indian independence movement were being laid, a nationalist movement was forming among the Muslims in British-controlled India. The All-India Muslim League was founded in 1906 to promote loyalty to the British and to “protect and advance the political rights of the Muslims of India”, advocated by the “Two Nations Theory”, espoused by Mohammad Ali Jinnah who joined the League in 1913. These aims can be contrasted with the creation of the Hindu-dominated Congress which was established primarily to gain more rights and autonomy from the British. The Government of India Act of 1935 enumerated three major goals: “establishing a
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2009 for the course HISTORY 0009 taught by Professor Harris during the Spring '09 term at The School of the Art Institute of Chicago.

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hoaia(3) - To what extent was the partition of India due to...

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