Psych terms - Language/Thinking/Intelligence Psychology Terms Thinking Cognition conscious process of knowing or being aware of thoughts or

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Language/Thinking/Intelligence Psychology Terms Thinking Cognition - conscious process of knowing or being aware of thoughts or perceptions, including understanding and reasoning Concept - an abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances Prototype- a standard or typical example Algorithm- a precise rule (or set of rules) specifying how to solve some problem Heuristic - a method to help solve a problem, commonly informal. It is particularly used for a method that often rapidly leads to a solution that is usually reasonably close to the best possible answer. Heuristics are "rules of thumb", educated guesses, intuitive judgments or simply common sense Insight - A sudden reorganization of the elements of a problem causing the solution to become self-evident Confirmation bias - tendency to seek evidence that will confirm our own opinion, or ignore or devalue that which does not Fixation - state in which an individual becomes obsessed with an attachment to another human, an animal, or an inanimate object Mental Set – Tendency to approach a problem in a particular way; set may or may not be helpful Functional Fixedness- Tendency to think of things only in terms of their usual functions Representativeness Fixedness – Availability Heuristic – estimating the likelihood of events based on their availability in memory; can be correct or incorrect Framing – How an issue is worded or presented can influence decisions or judgments
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2009 for the course HISTORY 0009 taught by Professor Harris during the Spring '09 term at The School of the Art Institute of Chicago.

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Psych terms - Language/Thinking/Intelligence Psychology Terms Thinking Cognition conscious process of knowing or being aware of thoughts or

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