music test review

music test review - MUEL 1832 Mid-term Review Sheet...

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MUEL 1832 Mid-term Review Sheet   (Preliminary---additions may appear) Terms Ballad opera- colonial period in 18 th  century, comedy, included spoken word, emphasis on plot,  short songs,  Oratorio-  genre of choral music with sacred words, quite long, clear religious message, like opras Concerto- 3 movement work for solo instrument and orchestra, baroque period, fast-slow-fast Gamelan- a pentatonic scale (5 note  scale), musical ensemble in Indonesia m n  Ground bass- type of  variation form  in which a  bassline , or  harmonic pattern  (see  Chaconne ) is  repeated as the basis of a piece underneath variations Recitative- vocal  style of music meant to emulate varied rhythm found in human speech Aria-  A solo song that usually follows recitative that displays emotion Colotomic- rhythmic cycle,  Pentatonic- 5 tone scale whole-tone scale-  scale only uses whole tones no half tones, all notes are equal distance from  one another extended chord - with notes  extended , or added, beyond the  octave expressionism- emotionally intense, atonal, polyphony, musically complex 7 th  chord- 4 notes 9 th  chord- 5 notes Impressionism- emphasizes timbre and uses non functional chords  Serialism- Came after WWII, G.I. Bill—increased college attendance Music became highly mathematical and complicated  Only listeners with graduate training in music could understand it Atonality revived  o 12-tone system verismo -  “realism”, literary movement, 1890s, Opera—realistic, every-day-life bel canto- “beautiful singing”, early 19 th  century, melody-emphasis, ornamentation opera seria - alternating recitative (secco) and da capo arias—3 Acts, ending w/cho rus tone row- refers to a non-repetitive ordering of the twelve notes of the 
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music test review - MUEL 1832 Mid-term Review Sheet...

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