Study Guide - Midterm 1

Study Guide - Midterm 1 - Music 11 First Midterm Study...

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Music 11 – First Midterm Study Guide Lecture 1 – Why study performing arts? Performing arts o Time is the main difference between performing and plastic arts o Music is sound in time o Dance is movement in time. o Theater is ideas put into words and actions organized in time. o Performance needs a doer and an observer; needs an audience. Categories of performing arts o Personal function o Ritual function o Communicative function Video – Step Style o Dancing reflected two daily activities Work (mainly agriculture) Sports o Dance continuum and cultures related to them Controlled – Tai dance, slow motion like in rice plantation Pointing – Developed from domesticating and riding horses Stepping – Brought by Spain and Portugal, found in crowded competitive societies Complex Vertical – Skillful legs of a hunter Simple Alternation – Walking Sliding – Related to the feet movement in agriculture. Digging – Digging for water, planting, food gatherers. Lecture 2 – The influence of Ancient Cultures Word bank o Mesopotamia – Land between 2 rivers. Rich soil to support a civilization. o Civilization – Complex culture in which a large number of humans share common elements Cities – River or valley maintain the possibility to feed people. Government – Maintain order and give protection Religion – Mono or polytheistic. Answer to why we’re here. Social structure – [high: monarchs][middle: merchants][low: slave] Cuneiform – Language and writing to record history. Art – Plastic and performing artistic activities o Sumerians – Creators of 1 st Mesopotamian civilization. Established city- o Ziggurat – Structure (tower) to be closer to sky gods; at top was the temple. o Polytheism – More than one god. Over 3000 deities. Kingship was given by gods. Priests had a lot of power.
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o Sargon/Akkadians – In 2340 BC Sargon (leader of the Akkadians) established 1 st empire that lasted 200 years. o Hammurabi/Babylon – 1792 BC, Babylon leader Hammurabi took over Mesopotamia. Wrote code of laws (282 laws) in cuneiform for the every-day. o Patriarchal society - Male dominated civilization. Women had little or no saying o Cuneiform – Writing. Symbols invented by Sumerians. o The Epic of Gilgamesh – King Gilgamesh (part god, part human), sets in a journey with beast (Ankadu), achieve great deeds and become friends. Ankadu dies and Gilgamesh sorrows his death. He discovers at the end death is inevitable and immortality is for gods only. o Believed in no afterlife Noah vs. Utnapishtim o = Both saved animals of diff. especies Mass number of people died Released birds to check the earth Animal sacrifices o Noah’s flood – 40 days /// Utnapishtim – 7 days Noah’s God was sorry /// Utnapishtim’s goddess was sorry Time line of civilizations o Sumerian 3000 BC (Ziggurats)
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Study Guide - Midterm 1 - Music 11 First Midterm Study...

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