Notes Leaders from Russia, US, and China

Notes Leaders from Russia, US, and China - Early Czars...

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Catherine refused to lend troops to King George to attack U.S. (misperception: did not do it for the Americans but for her own interest) Alexander’s dispatch of the Russian fleet to American ports (misperception: did not do it as a friendly visit, but as a defense site in case of invasion by enemies) Alexander’s sale of Alaska (misperception: he knew of the resources, yet knew that conflict would come if tried to exploit. Wanted the U.S. and France to fight for it) Lenin (Woodrow Wilson) Bolshevik side Changed Russia from feudalism to a kind of fascism in the October Revolution Wrote “Letter to the American workingmen” saying U.S. was divided into two, the rich greedy and the poor needy Saw U.S. not as a world power Stalin Successor of Lenin Known for his brutality in dealing with opponents and his failed policies of collectivism that caused widespread famine (severe shortage to starvation) across the Soviet Union. Saw U.S. as imperialistic Collectivization Great purge Command economy controlled by all intrusive dictatorship Khrushchev (Kennedy) Russian leader during the cold war First letter to Kennedy, Cuban base dismantle for Cuba’s protection Second letter, Cuban missiles for Turkey’s base Finally agreed to the terms of the first letter Perceived Kennedy as weak, irresolute, and lacking determination Ally with China from being leader of Communist movement Gorbachev (Reagan) Leader of USSR Glasnost and Perestroika (see below) Goal was a rapprochement with U.S. Signed INF treaty (intermediate-range nuclear forces), which made U.S. think that USSR was willing to cooperate and integrate to the world. Also wanted rapprochement with other European nations such as Germany and Hungary. In a way, Gorbachev is responsible to the end of communism in Europe (East
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Notes Leaders from Russia, US, and China - Early Czars...

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