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Religion FINAL - Durkheim God = society o Values(moral o...

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Durkheim God = society o Values (moral) o Order – High power vs. worshipers o Creates a community o Prophets = law Believes people create God o Father of religious sociology Cultural relativism o You can only judge a society, group, or religion by its own rules o Truth is relative o Morality is relative Pros Cons No biases Close mind Set focus Does not accept new ideas Collective representation o Gods need humans and humans need God. Without one there would not be the other. Totemism o Totem symbolizes social group and thus all sacred power to control and shape individual o Spirit of group is embodied into sacred animal o Religion has a collective source established in the animal to support and preserve group goals. o To give these goals sanctity and authority. Sacred = Extraordinary They cannot touch or contaminate each other Profane = Ordinary Religion doesn’t need a high power but it needs a complete separation of sacred and profane.
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