Midterm 2 - MUSC13 2nd Midterm Important People COMPOSERS...

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MUSC13 – 2 nd Midterm Important People COMPOSERS Giuseppi Verdi Composer of Rigoletto, Il Travatore, La Traviata, Aida, Othello, and Falstaff. Wrote 28 operas with very political messages underneath plots. Supporter of the Italian movement and fight for unification Went through crisis: Son dies, baby daughter dies, wife dies Rigoletto is based on the play by Hugo The King Amuses Himself La donna e mobile & Qaurtet from Rigoletto Johannes Brahms Had no relationships Liked to work in classical movements rather than innovative movements Symphonic concertos, music was abosolute, no story line. Sample Movement #3 (Waltz in ABA’ form) Peter Tchaikovsky Composed to demand Composer of Swan Lake, Sleeping Beauty, and the Nutcracker Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov Most influential and teacher of The Mighty Five Icon on how to write Orchestra Igor Stravinsky The most important composer of 20 th century Richard Strauss Known for operas that reached people Operas like Der Rosenkavalier, Don Juan, and Don Quixote Gustav Mahler Took German Lied to another ground with more operatic, no opera, huge orchestra. The Song of the Earth Intimate chamber music textures used within a very large orchestra emplying bass and percussion Giacomo Puccini Verismo operas (realism) Subject matter was everyday life instead of history or mythology Composed La Boheme, Tosca, and Sample Madame Butterfly and Pinkerton Claude Debussy French composer from Impressionism Shattered all traditional musical hierarchies! Used allusion and suggestion to convey poetic images Sample Prelude to the afternoon of a Faun (true beginning of 20 th -centuty music) 1
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MUSC13 – 2 nd Midterm WRITERS Alexandre Dumas fils Known in the Social Thesis plays Known for writing plays backwards from the denounment in order to construct plays logically. Wrote climax first.
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