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PoliSci Final - Essay two Compare and contrast realist and...

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Essay two Compare and contrast realist and idealist (sometimes called liberal) views on the roles of intergovernmental organization in world affairs, the strength or weakness of using law to settle international disputes, the prospects of international peace and security, and the possibilities of enhancing human rights and dignity? Essay Two: Realists, Liberals, and Their Views of the World Those who consider themselves realists are considered pessimistic as they consider humans to be violent and selfish. The have low expectations that humans will some day live fully in peace. They are forceful themselves and are passionate to achieve high standards. They are very demanding but also great at accomplishing tasks. I believe their main characteristic is their struggle for power. They believe that in order to create a change, power is the medium to reach it. They are likely to pursue practical self-interest and unlikely to spend power on what they might consider marginal interests or moral crusades. Liberals are considered optimistic. They are recognized by their willingness to cooperate with others and believe humans in general can learn to do so as well. They are highly ruled by the norms of justice, freedom, self-determination, and democracy. They believe in the goodness of humans and think we can learn to live in peace. They have a strong emphasis on principals which makes them compassionate and considerate people. They are likely to promote social justice worldwide but are unlikely to create a crusade for liberal power. What liberals want is create norms to regulate behavior to improve social and economic condition for all. 1. Similarities b/w R and I a. Organizations of world affairs Intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) are transnational groups with national governments as members, for example the United Nations and the European Union. These type of organizations date back their roots to 300 B.C. however, they have become highly known during 20 th century, lapse of time during which they have highly increased in numbers. There has been a large growth of IGOs, not only because countries believe they need them, but also because they work. These international organizations tend to achieve the common good of world citizens focusing on four
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main purposes. First, they are an interactive arena in which the nations that are members have the chance to interact with each other and try to pursue their own national interests. Secondly, they tend to be centers of cooperation, facilitating dialogue and mutual collaboration between its members. They are also independent international actors and because of this, they are awarded with certain power and expectations from its members. They have absolute control over their power, but nonetheless are constantly watched by members so that IGOs work as it is expected of them. Finally, the last role of intergovernmental organizations is that of a supranational organization.
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