Religion - 2nd Midterm study guide

Religion - 2nd Midterm study guide - Theorists:...

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Theorists: Scheleiermacher: Experience is the most important part of religion. It comes before dogmas, doctrines, and teachings. “The feeling of absolute dependence.” We don’t have absolute control of what happens to us. We depend on a power much greater than ourselves and this becomes clear in limiting situations like illness or death. Too narrow. Otto: The divine could be inferred as the cause of the feeling of absolute dependence. Religious experiences have to be numinous experiences (spiritual). Numinous exp. Awe, magnificent. They are dualistic, subject encounters holly object. Conflict—Buddha is non dual. Subject and object are same. They should be tangible, mystical is quiet. Types of experiences Finitude— Absolute dependence. Numinous— Awe and wonder. Mystical— The contrast of Otto. Unity and is quiet. Confirmation— Feeling that your institution is true. Responsive— Feeling that the divine is aware of us. Like Santa Claus. Turner: Rites of passage 1. Separation 2. Transition (Communitas, bonded with others by going though it together) Experience solidarity with one another. 3. Incorporation Master symbol: 1. Channels intense emotions of fundamental concern to society 2. Stimulates behavior necessary for effective soul life. 3. Coordinates contradictory social values. Lincoln: For women: 1. Enclosure 2. Metamorphosis 3. Emergence Van Gennep: 1. Separation 2. Transition 3. Incorporation Girard:
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Scapegoat: He suggested that the scapegoat is made in contrast to us to be aware of our own identity. “The victim is not like me, but different. It is “not-me” or “not-we,” and therefore violence upon it is acceptable. He believed that humans have a desire for violence and it is this what stands at the root of sacrifice, ritual, religion, society, and culture. Scapegoat helps control and legitimate violence as well as makes it invisible. Webber:
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course RSOC 9 taught by Professor Tamayo-moraga,sarita during the Fall '06 term at Santa Clara.

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Religion - 2nd Midterm study guide - Theorists:...

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