Chapter 3 - Indicidual-level

Chapter 3 - Indicidual-level - Chapter 3 (Part 3)...

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Chapter 3 (Part 3) Individual-Level Analysis The view that at the root it is people who make policy. Humans as a species o Decisions are not always fully rational o Decisions are influenced by cognitive, emotional, psychological, and sometimes even biological factors, as well as by rational calculations. o Cognitive: Making decisions within the constraints of “bounded rationality.” External boundaries: missing or erroneous info. Internal boundaries: limits of all humans have on physical stamina and intellectual capacity. The entire info of the universe. U.S. believed UK (Iraq buying uranium from Africa) instead of CIA (no nuclear threat) because UK’s fit US’s thoughts. If not believed, CIA would have created uncomfortable cognitive inconsistency. Wishful thinking – A hopeful state of mind, confidence. Heuristic devices – Mental shortcuts that allow us to skip long and detailed gathering and analysis of information and come to decisions quickly. Stereotypes
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This note was uploaded on 04/29/2008 for the course POLI 25 taught by Professor Stover,william during the Winter '07 term at Santa Clara.

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Chapter 3 - Indicidual-level - Chapter 3 (Part 3)...

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