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Study Questions 9-21

Study Questions 9-21 - COMM 12 Study Questions Chandler and...

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COMM 12: Study Questions: Chandler and Lubar Hector Vega 9/21/06 Study Questions for Chandler, What is Technology? 1. How do early definitions of technology relate to the arts? Explain. The origin of the word comes from the Greek word “tekhene” which means an art or craft. Later on, in the early 18 th century, the word not only meant an art, but especially the mechanical arts. Given these roots, technology not only means the innovations that the world creates to improve lives, but also, technology is the art of the mechanical. It requires skill and creativity as well as knowledge and a practical use. 2. How did the definition of technology changed in the 20th century? Explain The definition narrowed greatly. Technology changed from being a broad art of everything mechanical to referring to the specific “tools, instruments, machines, organizations, methods, techniques, systems” used in industrial science. The connotation has changed much because of the narrow view of technology by the world. People no longer see technology as an art as if they were looking at painting. It has become more specific and practical. Because of this, technology is now common and simple, and is important for its use not for its beauty. 3. Explain what Chandler means when he writes about the "lag" in public understanding of technology. Although the techniques of technology are growing, the linguistic resources have not changed more. There are new concepts of technology out there, but these seem to make sense to those in those same specializations. Most terms and ideas of one type seem unknown and not understandable to people from a different type of technology. This problem divides people and their communication as a human community. It also makes society fall behind in understanding and discourse needed to keep pace with reality.
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