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2-26-09 - Discussion Section Hundred Flowers intellectuals...

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Discussion Section Hundred Flowers: intellectuals criticizing Mao all purged political trap? Russian leader at that time denouncing Stalin, Mao didn’t want that to happened to him so he started purging people Great Leap Forward: Mao wanted to push China to catch up with western industrial powers (specialize and manufacture) but China didn’t have and didn’t want to have the capital necessary iron and steel all became useless (instead of mining and extracting ore he just had people work on it, collect waste iron and steel and melt it) Nuclear family: group the whole village together, living in a compound, raising children together, eating together, peasants had own land but now taken away and they worked for the state in communes Famine: overstating of produce (people who wanna look good to Mao not enough after handing produce over to the state), attacks on produce, and also everything was being cut down for furnacing and steel making, agricultural activities came to a halt Sino-Soviet split: two countries becoming dissolution, one was allies, Soviet not pleased with Great Leap Forward, Communist model implanted by China not feasible, took back all the engineered power they gave China and left Mao no longer leading the government, but still the head, leader now Liu Shaoqi Liu’s vision not “communist” enough cultural revolution: Mao wanted to take China back and make it more revolutionary purging officials like Liu Mao didn’t wanna end up like Stalin Three distinct phases in China: all communist officials became “capitalist roaders,” those having KMT history targeted, 1 st : red guards (children of higher tier communist officials wanting to find a course to follow, followed everything Mao said and went after officials deemed to be corrupted), 2 nd : other rival guards forming who were admirers of Mao but not of elite class, different factions fought among others (Who was more willing to die for Mao? Who believed more in revolution?), 3 rd : after Mao got rid of these officials, got intellectuals to countryside and re-educated them as peasants, labor camp, registrations switched out to countryside, most were not able to come backs Red guards denouncing the four olds: traditional culture (not a factor in communism), ideas, customs, habits and cultures (smashing down temples and statues) Cultural revolution used for personal vendetta, especially Jiang Qing Schools shut down not being the goal of communism Nixon’s visit to China: first time American leader has visited since 1946 (China previously shut those countries going against them out), start of diplomatic recognition
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