Study Questions 9-26

Study Questions 9-26 - Study Questions for Chandler...

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Study Questions for Chandler, Technological or Media Determinism 1. What is the definition of technological determinism? It’s the most popular and influential theory of the relationship between technology and society. It helps to be aware of the nature and pitfalls of a very persuasive stance. It explains that everything is caused by something and there is no free will. 2. What does technological determinism focus on? Explain? It is the theory of social change. Technological determination is seen as “the prime mover” of history. They focus on the idea that technology is the sole cause for changes in society and the underlying pattern of social organization. 3. Explain the "reductionist" view? How does it differ from the holistic view? Explain. Reductionism serves to reduce the complexity of an idea from technological determinism. It separates complexities into components. It breaks the problem into parts. Later on, these parts combine toward a one-way answer. 4. What is 'technocentrism"? Explain. It’s the trying to account for almost everything in terms of technology. They try to relate and explain everything as a result or cause of technology. For example, theorists say that technology (Acheulian hand-axe) came before language and this helped shape our “biological success” more than our biological evolution. 5. What are some of the deficiencies of mechanistic models? They use complex and interacting technologies that may have results not always intended or predicted. Social reality can’t be neatly analyzed into component factors. They are under complete control, therefore, might appeal to voluntarists of a rationalist bent. 6. What is "reification"? How do we apply this to technologies? Explain. Reification is to treat something as an abstract material object with a homogeneous, undifferentiated character. In technology, it is commonly used to name tools, instruments, machines, organizations, media, methods, techniques, and systems. 7. Define "resistentialism". Give an example of this. Technology can be presented as autonomous, an independent, self-controlling, self-expanding part of society. Because it seems that technology has its own personality, resistentialism says technology can have “unpredictable and cumulative knock-on influences on the use of and need for other technologies.” For example, a photocopier might not make your copy. Although it is its task, it might require other technologies (a
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Study Questions 9-26 - Study Questions for Chandler...

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