Notes for CULANTH Midterm 2

Notes for CULANTH Midterm 2 - Notes for CULANTH Midterm #2...

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Notes for CULANTH Midterm #2 Week of February 9 th I. Mass Media/Culture A. Self-Made in the 3 rd world 1. Example: Ishi knew 80 songs by heart 2. Shapes the individual experience B. Mass Media is never unbiased or unchanging 1. Changes us and is never neutral 2. Shapes us as individuals (Especially early on eg. Toys) C. Anthro – How and why it affects us D. First Order Meaning 1. Superficial a. Example: Bambi – cute; boys toys - fun, awesome E. Second Order Meaning 1. More profound/ deeply rooted in motive a. Example: Bambi – gender roles, patriotism b. 2 nd example: Boys toys – how to act/relate as a man/boy F. Little House in the Prairie 1. First –order meaning: harmless, family unity, life in the West 2. Second-order meaning: idea of manifest destiny G. Frankfurt School 1. Center engaged in studying mass media 2. Studied Hitler’s use of mass media to send messages (propaganda) 3. Belief that mass media is in and of itself sinister 4. Made to alter the current status quo, or uphold(contingent) 5. Transformation o passive people
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6. Movies/film invasive 7. Questioned the role of cinema 8. All in the Frankfurt school were Marxist (thus loathed capitalism) H. Problem with the Frankfurt School 1. Assumption that all media support the status quo a. In reality a lot/some media is critical of the status quo (current society b. Songs protesting the government, society as example c. i.e. Hugh Masekela’s song – protesting Mandela’s incarceration d. i.e. Fast Runner (Film) on Inuit runner – neutral 2. Assumption that everything we see affects us and causes us to act upon it a. Idea of the Fax Theory – we take what’s given to us and always act upon it b. In reality we are subject to the Reception Theory – reasons that we do not act on everything we see (Barbie Nation) c. We make our own decisions/choices 3. Queering of Barbie – Barbie Nation Film a. Twisting gender roles b. Example of reception theory c. Rejecting established status quo 4. Assumption that all media is deceptive a. In reality even some crass media tells the truth about certain things b. Sometimes portrays reality c. Not just mass deception I. Stein Anthropology of Tourism 1. Tourism can be used to observe political/social climate at any given time 2. Tourism advertisement in Israel seen as a way to continue the occupation of Palestine a. Example: effect of media portrayal
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J. Edibility 1. That certain foods cannot be eaten unless the culture/nation of it’s origin is a odds with a consumers nation/state II. Sports Anthropology A. Johan Huizinga 1. Historian of the Middle Ages 2. Studied jousting/swordplay 3. Games in general 4. Homo Ludens ” book a. Idea/concept that we were designed to play b. Intrinsic playful nature B. Cockfighting in Indonesia 1. Betting 2. Ability to understand the culture through the betting interaction C. From Ritual to Record (Transition of Sports through the Ages) 1. Change in sports from ceremonial/ritual to games simply for pride and record
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2009 for the course CULT-ANTH 94 taught by Professor Starn during the Spring '09 term at Duke.

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Notes for CULANTH Midterm 2 - Notes for CULANTH Midterm #2...

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