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CHS 100 Winter 2009

CHS 100 Winter 2009 - CHS 100 Winter 2009 Midterm Exam...

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CHS 100 Winter 2009 Midterm Exam Review Guide Definitions: Community  those in certain geographical boundaries, made of social groups and/or  has instituational affiliations (definition changes) Health state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing, and not merely the  absence of disease or infirmity Health education Health behaviour Health promotion Alma Ata  “what is health?”  (see lec 1) o “health…is a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing, and not  merely the absence of disease or infirmity” o A fundamental human right o A most important world-wide social goal o Realization requires the actions of many other social and economic sectors in  addition to the health sector Race  assume genotype based on phenotype (especially skin colour) o scientific myth (American Anthropological Association statement) o Racial groupings: non-hispanic white, African American, Hispanic, Asian and  Pacific Islander, Native American Culture  shared ideas, meanings, values usually passed on from generation to  generation
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o socially learned through process of enculturation o not genetically transmitted o patterns of behaviour guided by these shared beliefs, meanings and values o Everything NOT biology e.g. economy, technology, language o DEFN: Beliefs, values, behaviours, social structure  prescribed by a self  identified group of people passed from one generation to another Ethnicity  self identity/ definition o reflects belonging to a group based on certain characteristics o often suggests a social power structure o ethnic group affiliation may include degree of overlap with other identity  groups, language, beliefs and practices Acculturation  (from dictionary.com)  the process of adopting the beliefs and values,  cultural traits or social patterns of another group Cultural competence Emic  insider view Etic  outsider view Ethnocentrism Cultural relativism Social status relative position in a stratification system Social capital  social influence, power, standing, wealth Main topics: Healthy People 2010: Objectives and goals
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o A set of health objectives and public health priorities for the US to achieve by 2010 o 2 broad goals: Increase the quality and years of health life help individuals of all ages increase life expectancy and improve their quality of life Eliminate Health disparities among different segments of the US population Has 28 focus areas with individual goals. E.g. food safety reduce foodborne illnesses
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  • Winter '09
  • Taub
  • Health education Health, behaviour Health promotion, Cultural relativism Social, social power structure, Eliminate Health disparities

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CHS 100 Winter 2009 - CHS 100 Winter 2009 Midterm Exam...

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