weurmth q&a - 1. What is the definition of a...

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1. What is the definition of a healthy society a. In a healthy society, people have a better chance of living a long life. b. People have fewer years impaired by chronic illness, emotional problems, or disability 2. What challenges did researchers face during the early stages of the AIDs epidemic? a. Initially the “Health Belief Model” kept research focused on individuals b. In the absence of social class data, race became a focus in AIDS rate. As a result, differences between whites and people of color, rather than differences of social class, were highlighted 3. Describe the Health Gradient a. It is a descriptive model b. It is a straight line representing the linear association between low to high socioeconomic status (SES) and the corresponding high to low risk for disease and death (See figure 1.1 on p.10 c. Higher levels of income, education, and occupation are associated with lower death rates 4. According to the readings, provide examples of factors that lead to (or influence) health outcomes? (i.e., occupation, social capital, etc.) a. Occupation, income, education, social class, community culture, living conditions b. Biopsychosocial: genetic and physiological makeup, demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status, social environment, and individual behavior 5. Emile Durkheim: What effect does social cohesion have on individual and population health? a. Durkheim found that socially isolated individuals were more likely to commit suicide than those well integrated into a network of social relationships b. Social support encourages healthy behaviors and discourage unhealthy or risk- taking behaviors 6. Define social stratification. a. Social stratification refers to the system by which individuals, families, or classes are located at varying positions in a social hierarchy 7. Describe the two transitions of developed countries. How have these transitions impacted health? a. The first is as the overall standard of living improved and with better nutrition and sanitation, infectious disease was replaced by chronic disease as the leading cause of death.
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b. The second is that during the first half of the 20 th century, behavioral factors explained more than half the prevalence of chronic disease, however during the 2 nd half of the century social inequalities explained more. (Known as the postindustrial” transition). c. The poor in the most unequal developed as well as developing countries continue to suffer from higher infant mortality and child mortality that their affluent counterparts, as well as from asthma, other respiratory illnesses and other maladies 8. Marx: What was his theory of modern social classes and capitalism? Do you believe this theory holds true in today’s modern society? a.
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weurmth q&a - 1. What is the definition of a...

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