Biblical Studies Study Guide Test 1 - Biblical Studies...

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Biblical Studies Study Guide Test 1Key Terms:Altar: structure on which offerings are made to a deityAniconic: without imageArk: a special wooden chest containing the Ten Commandments/ giant boatAsherah: goddess worshipped in Canaan—Yahweh’s wifeCanon: official list of books in the BibleCentralization: 1 altar (# of altars)Circumcision: sign of the special covenant God made with the Israelites, a removal of theforeskin of make children, usually 8 days after birthCodex:an ancient manuscript text in book form—book formatCovenant: solemn vow, promise or agreement—define relationships—ex: relationship with God and his peopleDebt Slavery: a person’s pledge of their labor or service for the repayment of a debtDecalogue/Ten Commandments: set of rules that God gave Moses to tell how his people should live, the most famous of the 613 laws in the Torah, found in Ex 20—Decalogue: God speaks to all the peopleDivination: the practice of seeking knowledge of the future or the unknown by supernatural means—practice/technique to get info from the godsDocumentary Hypothesis: The hypothesis, that the Pentateuch is made up of 4 separate sources (J, E, D and P and each is produced in a different time in the history of Israel and edited together only later into the five book collection we have today Elohim: refers to God (E tradition)Etiology: the investigation or attribute of the cause or reasoning of something, often

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