Benjamin Franklin - Benjamin Franklin Born Boston MA Died...

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Benjamin Franklin Born: January 17, 1706, Boston, MA Died: April 17,1790, Philadelphia, PA Benjamin Franklin was the tenth son of soap maker, Josiah Franklin, and his mother was Abiah Folger, the second wife of Josiah. Benjamin was a statesman, author, publisher, scientist, inventor and diplomat. Born into a Boston family of modest means, Franklin had little formal education. He went on to start a successful printing business in Philadelphia and grew wealthy. Franklin was deeply active in public affairs in his adopted city, where he helped launch a lending library, hospital and college, and garnered acclaim for his experiments with electricity, among other projects. During the American Revolution, he served in the Second Continental Congress and helped draft the Declaration of Independence in 1776. He also negotiated the 1783 Treaty of Paris that ended the Revolutionary War (1775-83). In 1787, in his final significant act of public service, he was a delegate to the convention that produced the U.S. Constitution. "Benjamin Franklin." History.com . A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 17 Jan. 2014. “Three can keep a secret, if two of them are dead.” – Benjamin Franklin
Martin Luther King Jr. Born: January 15, 1929, Atlanta, GA Assassinated: April 4, 1968, Memphis, TN Martin Luther King Jr. was a Baptist minister and social activist who played a key role in the American civil rights movement from the mid-1950s until his assassination in 1968. Inspired by advocates of nonviolence such as Mahatma Gandhi, King sought equality for African Americans, the economically disadvantaged and victims of injustice through peaceful protest. He was the driving force behind watershed events such as the Montgomery Bus Boycott and the March on Washington, which helped bring about such landmark legislation as the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. King was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 and is remembered each year on Martin Luther King Jr. Day, a U.S. federal holiday since 1986. "Martin Luther King Jr." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 17 Jan. 2014. “Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that.” – Martin Luther King Jr.
Albert Einstein Born: March 14, 1879, Ulm, Germany Died: April 18, 1955, Princeton, NJ The German-born physicist Albert Einstein developed the first of his groundbreaking theories while working as a clerk in the Swiss patent office in Bern. After making his name with four scientific articles published in 1905, he went on to win worldwide fame for his general theory of relativity and a Nobel Prize in 1921 for his explanation of the phenomenon known as the photoelectric effect. An outspoken pacifist who was publicly identified with the Zionist movement, Einstein emigrated from Germany to the United States when the Nazis took power before World War II. He lived and worked in Princeton, New Jersey, for the remainder of his life.

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