Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone - Sierra Leone In July 1999, following over...

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Sierra Leone In July 1999, following over eight years of civil conflict, negotiations between the Government of Sierra Leone  and the Revolutionary United Front  led to the signing of the Lome Peace Agreement  under which the parties agreed to the  cessation of hostilities, disarmament  of all combatants and the formation of a government of national unity. The United Nations and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS ) helped facilitate the negotiations. In  resolution 1270 of October 22 , 1999 , the Security Council  established the United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL ) to help create the conditions in which the parties could implement the Agreement. Subsequently, the number of  personnel were increased and tasks to be carried out by UNAMSIL adjusted by the Council in resolutions 1289 of February 8 , 2000  and 1299 of May 19 , 2000 , making UNAMSIL the second largest peacekeeping force currently deployed  by the United Nations (the largest such contingent is in the Congo) following international concern at the role played by the illegal diamond trade in fueling conflict in Sierra Leone, the Security Council adopted resolution 1306 on July 5 2000  imposing a ban on the direct or indirect import of rough diamonds from Sierra Leone not controlled by the Government of Sierra Leone through a Certificate of Origin regime. An arms embargo  and selective travel ban on non- governmental forces were already in effect under resolution 1171 of June 5 , 1998 . On July 31 , 2000  and August 1 , 2000 , Ambassador Anwarul Karim Chowdhury , Chairman of the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 1132 (1997) concerning Sierra Leone, presided over the first ever  exploratory public hearing by the Security Council in New York . The hearing was attended by representatives of interested Member States, regional organizations, non-governmental organizations, the diamond industry and other relevant  experts. The hearing exposed the link between the trade in illegal Sierra Leone diamonds and trade in arms and related material. The ways and means for developing a sustainable and well-regulated diamond industry in Sierra Leone  were also discussed. As called for by resolution 1306 of July 5 , 2000 , the Secretary-General, on August 2 , 2000 , established a Panel of Experts, to collect information on possible violations of the arms embargo and the link between trade in diamonds and  trade in arms and related material, consider the adequacy of air traffic control systems in the West African region for the purpose of detecting flights suspected of contravening the arms embargo, and report to the Council with 
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2009 for the course WRIT 48157 taught by Professor Averylk during the Winter '08 term at UCSB.

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Sierra Leone - Sierra Leone In July 1999, following over...

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