Cordy - shamanism. For example, the hallucinogenic San...

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Cordy-Collins 1977 Initially, Chavin de Huantar is described as the source from which the Incas and all other Andean societies grew, in the coast and parts of the highlands. The Andean civilization is described as a farming, herding and irrigation agriculture. Cordy suggests that Chavin de Huantar distanced themselves from their past and instead incorporated artistic elements of other groups. According to the author, their ceremonial architecture also served as a focus and direction for supernatural forces. These Andean also depicted animals such as caymans and jaguars as part of their art. One important idea is how this civilization incorporated hallucinogenic substances as a mean to achieve their transformations into their venerated animals and to communicate with unseen powers of the natural world, an example of
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Unformatted text preview: shamanism. For example, the hallucinogenic San Pedro and its connection to the transformation into supernatural animal are shown as part of the huge collection of Chavin art, including pottery and architecture. Also important is their concept of duality as a way to express social order. Another interesting concept is “tinkuy,” the encounter of opposing forces, as Chavin de Huantar is located in between two encountering lakes. Overall, Chavin de Huantar played a pivotal role in the art, agriculture and ritual growth of Andean civilization. Question: What was the specific impact on all other Andean societies that Chavin de Huantar as the foundation of civilization had on them?...
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2009 for the course ARTH 6H taught by Professor Peterson during the Winter '09 term at UCSB.

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